New insight into immune cell behavior offers opportunities for cancer treatment

An international group of scientists has discovered that certain cells of our immune system—the so-called T cells—communicate with each other and work together as a team. To fight an infection they stimulate each other’s growth, but at the same time, they inhibit each other when there is a surplus of T cells. That insight offers new opportunities for the treatment […]

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Heart valve invented in Minnesota allows new kind of heart treatment

Inaugurating a potential blockbuster medical device category, a wire-and-mesh medical device invented in Roseville, Minn., has become the first catheter-delivered implant to get European approval to replace the heart’s mitral valve without open-chest surgery. European approval of Abbott Laboratories’ Tendyne Transcather Mitral Valve is “a very important first step” toward gaining U.S. approval, which would open a device category potentially […]

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Cancer symptoms: The change in your voice that could signal the deadly disease

Cancer is a condition where cells in a specific part of the body grow and reproduce uncontrollably. The cancerous cells can invade and destroy surrounding healthy tissue, including organs. There are more than 200 different types of cancer so symptoms will vary depending on where the cancer begins and where it has spread to. READ MORE Cervical cancer symptoms: The […]

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For low back pain in older adults, treatment doesn’t match guidelines

Opioids are prescribed to nearly one-third of older adults with “new and persistent” low back pain—in most cases without trying guideline-recommended pain medications or physical therapy, according to the new research by Dan Pham Ly, MD, MPP, of Harvard University. He comments, “This study raises concerns about excessive use of low-value and potentially harmful treatments for the common problem of […]

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Study finds meth use interferes with opioid treatment

When Dr. Judith Tsui moved from Boston to Seattle five years ago, she immediately recognized something she didn’t see much back East: People seeking treatment for opioid use disorder were also using methamphetamine. That alarmed Tsui, a University of Washington Medicine clinician and researcher specializing in addiction treatment. Her patients who were using meth would often drop out of opioid […]

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Research suggests expanding amblyopia treatment approaches

When University of California, Irvine neurobiologist Carey Y.L. Huh, Ph.D., set her sights on discovering more about amblyopia, she brought personal insight to her quest. As a child, Huh was diagnosed with the condition, which is often called “lazy eye.” Huh is a researcher in the lab of UCI associate professor of neurobiology & behavior Sunil Gandhi. She and her […]

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New Yorkers are initiating treatment earlier after HIV infection, study shows

The most effective way to reduce HIV-related deaths and prevent onward transmission is to diagnose and treat all persons as soon as possible after HIV infection. According to a study published in Clinical Infectious Diseases, New Yorkers living with HIV are being treated sooner after infection. The time to treatment initiation was reduced in tandem with expanded HIV testing and […]

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Smart algorithm finds possible future treatment for childhood cancer

Using a computer algorithm, scientists at Uppsala University have identified a promising new treatment for neuroblastoma. This form of cancer in children, which occurs in specialized nerve cells in the sympathetic nervous system, may be life-threatening. In the long term the discovery, described in the latest issue of the scientific journal Nature Communications, may result in a new form of […]

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