How to carry out rapid clinical research in combating COVID-19

Amid ongoing efforts to tackle the coronavirus pandemic, some European countries have begun to take cautious steps to ease lockdown restrictions while others brace for worse. Like several ongoing EU-funded research projects that have reoriented their work to help combat the outbreak, the PREPARE project is responding to COVID-19 by rapidly assessing Europe’s preparedness and deploying vital clinical research. Through […]

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Research into obsessive-compulsive disorder shows antibodies could provide new treatment

Scientists at Queen Mary University of London and the University of Roehampton, London, have discovered that patients suffering from obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) have increased levels of a protein called Immuno-moodulin (Imood) in their lymphocytes, a type of immune cell. Mice with high levels of this protein were also found to exhibit behaviours that are characteristic of anxiety and stress, […]

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Research: Lockdowns need to last more than six weeks to contain COVID-19

People around the world are wondering how long COVID-restrictions have to last in order to curtail the pandemic. A research study on 36 countries and 50 U.S. states has found that aggressive intervention to contain COVID-19 must be maintained for at least 44 days. The study is co-authored by Professor Gerard Tellis of USC Marshall School of Business, Professor Ashish […]

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Vaping chemical creates toxic ketene gas, research finds

A chemical found in some vaping products can produce a highly toxic gas when heated up, according to new research from RCSI University of Medicine and Health Sciences. Led by researchers at RCSI’s Department of Chemistry, the study is published in the current edition of PNAS. In August 2019, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported an increasing […]

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Brain cancer research could help dogs—and the humans who love them

Few heartbreaks are as devastating as when a beloved family dog falls ill with cancer. But a new research paper could spur development of more and better treatments for a canine companion who has a brain tumor—because it’s possible that those same therapies will help human kids, too. Dogs’ brain cancers are genetically akin to those found in children, a […]

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New research finds text messages can predict suicide attempts

Nearly 130 people in the United States commit suicide every day. New work at the University of Virginia suggests that language used in text messages may one day help clinicians predict an increased risk of a suicide attempt in real time. The lead author of the study, UVA Ph.D. graduate Jeff Glenn, said the study was created because it is […]

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New research could reduce the risk of sudden cardiac death

Around 26 million people worldwide suffer from heart failure, with more than 50 per cent dying suddenly most likely due to the spontaneous onset of a heart rhythm problem, known as an arrhythmia. The link between the electrical signal that triggers the heart cell to contract (action potential) and consequent ability of the heart to pump blood has been known […]

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Research suggests expanding amblyopia treatment approaches

When University of California, Irvine neurobiologist Carey Y.L. Huh, Ph.D., set her sights on discovering more about amblyopia, she brought personal insight to her quest. As a child, Huh was diagnosed with the condition, which is often called “lazy eye.” Huh is a researcher in the lab of UCI associate professor of neurobiology & behavior Sunil Gandhi. She and her […]

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Research adds new twist to fight against autoimmune diseases

Scientists describe in Nature Immunology an entirely new molecular process in mice that triggers T cell-driven inflammation and causes different auto-immune diseases. In a study published online Dec. 17, researchers at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center say their data have implications for Multiple Sclerosis, Type 1 diabetes and Inflammatory Bowel Disease. It also will help efforts to find better treatments […]

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A Research Nonprofit Shutters TB Vaccine Effort and Lays Off Scientists

The future of a tuberculosis vaccine and research into other neglected diseases is in limbo after a Seattle institute abruptly laid off about one-third of its researchers, citing a financial crisis. The sudden staff cutbacks late last month at the Infectious Disease Research Institute has baffled many of the scientists — who were also working on a vaccine for leprosy […]

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