Researchers create human airway stem cells from patients’ cells

For the first time, researchers have successfully created airway basal stem cells in vitro from induced pluripotent stem cells by reprogramming blood cells taken from patients. Given that airway basal cells are defined as stem cells of the airways because they can regenerate the airway epithelium in response to injury, this study may help accelerate research on diseases impacting the […]

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A-Fib Treatment Reduces Patients’ Dementia Risk

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 14, 2020 — A procedure to restore normal heart rhythm is more effective than medications in reducing dementia risk in people with the heart rhythm disorder atrial fibrillation (AF), researchers report. Previous studies have shown that AF is associated with an increased risk of dementia. This one assessed whether catheter ablation and medications for AF reduced that risk. […]

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Private and public prostate cancer patients are being treated differently

Men seeking prostate cancer treatment within the private health system were more likely to opt for more radical treatment than men in the public system, according to research published online today by the Medical Journal of Australia. Dr. Luc te Marvelde, a Research Fellow at Cancer Council Victoria, and colleagues analyzed Victorian Cancer Registry data linked to population-based administrative health […]

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Home-based telerehabilitation beneficial for stroke patients

(HealthDay)—Home-based motor training telerehabilitation is beneficial for stroke patients, with enhanced interhemispheric functional connectivity of the M1 areas, according to a study published online Sept. 30 in Neurology. Jing Chen, Ph.D., from Fudan University in Shanghai, and colleagues randomly assigned 52 stroke patients with hemiplegia to home-based motor training telerehabilitation or conventional rehabilitation for 12 weeks. The primary outcomes included […]

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Adequate levels of vitamin D reduces complications, death among COVID-19 patients

Hospitalized COVID-19 patients who were vitamin D sufficient, with a blood level of 25-hydroxyvitamin D of at least 30 ng/mL (a measure of vitamin D status), had a significant decreased risk for adverse clinical outcomes including becoming unconscious, hypoxia (body starved for oxygen) and death. In addition, they had lower blood levels of an inflammatory marker (C-reactive protein) and higher […]

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Wildfire smoke more dangerous than other air pollutants for asthma patients

For people who suffer from asthma, wildfire smoke is more hazardous than other types of air pollution, according to a new study from the Desert Research Institute (DRI), the Renown Institute for Health Innovation (Renown IHI) and the Washoe County Health District (WCHD). The study, which published last month in the journal Environmental Health, examined associations between airborne particulate matter […]

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Heart transplants from severely obese donors show comparable outcomes for patients

Heart transplant patients who received hearts from severely obese donors had similar short-term outcomes and long-term survival as patients who received hearts from non-obese donors, according to new research published today in Circulation: Heart Failure, an American Heart Association journal. The waiting list for a heart transplant in the U.S. is continuously about 3,000 people, and only half of those […]

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Benefits of inhaled nitric oxide therapy for pregnant patients with COVID-19

Inhaled nitric oxide (NO) can be a valuable adjunct respiratory therapy for pregnant women with severe and critical COVID-19, a team of researchers from Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) has found. The delivery of the therapeutic gas to six COVID-19 pregnant patients admitted to MGH, as described in a paper in Obstetrics & Gynecology, resulted in a rapid and sustained improvement […]

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Hypoxia in hospitalized COVID-19 patients may be treatable

COVID-19 patients with hypoxia respond positively to icatibant treatment, Radboud university medical center researchers wrote in JAMA Network Open. These findings have led to a follow-up study at ten Dutch hospitals into a drug that may be even more effective. The current study has been funded by ZonMw. Rapid fluid overload of the lungs—pulmonary edema—is a hallmark of severe infection […]

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Stress overload and pain common among patients with traumatic brain injury

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of death and disability. Post-injury distress is common, with many individuals experiencing chronic anxiety and depressive symptoms as well as chronic pain. In this collection of articles in the journal NeuroRehabilitation, experts report on findings that shed light on the relationship between stress and pain following a TBI and implications for rehabilitation. […]

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