The Trebek effect: The benefits of well wishes

Long-time “Jeopardy!” host Alex Trebek announced in March that he had been diagnosed with stage 4 pancreatic cancer. Within days, he offered thanks to “the hundreds of thousands of people who have sent emails, texts, tweets, and cards wishing me well regarded my health.” Then last month, Trebek reported that his cancer was in “near remission,” saying that his doctors […]

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One-fifth of US surgeons still overusing riskier procedure to create kidney dialysis access

Long-term hemodialysis is a lifesaver for approximately half a million patients in the United States with kidney failure (also known as end-stage renal disease, or ESRD) who are either waiting on or unsuitable for a kidney transplant. But before the external machinery can take over the function of the kidneys—filtering and cleansing wastes from the blood—a minor surgical procedure is […]

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Bacterial chemical ‘signatures’ a sign of damaged gut microbiome in critical illness

Chemicals produced by healthy bacteria could be used to assess the health of the gut microbiome and help identify critically-ill children at greatest risk of organ failure, a study published in Critical Care Medicine has found. The gut microbiome is a trillions-strong community of healthy bacteria that live inside us. They make important contributions to our health, including fermenting the […]

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23% of young black women now identify as bisexual

Since 1972, social scientists have studied the General Social Survey to chart the complexities of social change in the United States. The survey, which is conducted every couple years, asks respondents their attitudes on topics ranging from race relations to drug use. In 2008, the survey started including a question on sexual identity. As sociologists who study sexuality, we’ve noticed […]

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SIRT1 plays key role in chronic myeloid leukemia to aid persistence of leukemic stem cells

Patients with chronic myeloid leukemia can be treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors. While these effective drugs lead to deep remission and prolonged survival, primitive leukemia stem cells resist elimination during the remission and persist as a major barrier to cure. As a result, the majority of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia, or CML, require indefinite inhibitor treatment to prevent disease […]

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AI software reveals the inner workings of short-term memory

Research by neuroscientists at the University of Chicago shows how short-term, working memory uses networks of neurons differently depending on the complexity of the task at hand. The researchers used modern artificial intelligence (AI) techniques to train computational neural networks to solve a range of complex behavioral tasks that required storing information in short term memory. The AI networks were […]

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Researchers pioneer new model of care for patients with back pain in NZ

Researchers are pioneering a new model of care for patients with back pain in New Zealand, in a bid to address what is a costly and growing problem. University of Otago researchers, together with their colleagues at AUT have been working to develop the stratified care model for management of low back pain (STarT Back) in New Zealand. The model, […]

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Body fat distribution linked to higher risk of aggressive prostate cancer

In the first prospective study of directly measured body fat distribution and prostate cancer risk, investigators found that higher levels of abdominal and thigh fat are associated with an increased risk of aggressive prostate cancer. Published early online in Cancer, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the findings may lead to a better understanding of the relationship between […]

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Keep Snapchat out of surgery: the risk for patients and the rest of us

Instagram is not the place we should be looking to for moral cues. This is hardly a controversial or surprising opinion, but it is one Dr Richard Theile felt necessary to spell out, and in no lesser publication than the Australasian Journal of Plastic Surgery. In an eyebrow-raising opinion piece revealed in The Sun-Herald today, the chair of the Australian […]

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