Breast cancer survivors with excess body weight at increased risk of developing second cancer

Breast cancer survivors who are overweight have a statistically significant increased risk of developing second primary cancers, according to results from a study conducted by Kaiser Permanente researchers and published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. There are approximately 3.9 million breast cancer survivors in the United States today and studies have found women diagnosed with breast cancer […]

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Rare genetic variant may explain severe COVID-19 in young healthy male patients

The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has now been spreading for over a year, but several mysteries surrounding its diverse outcomes remain. How is it that some young healthy individuals contract the infection(caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and become critically unwell? Why do others, who are older and have underlying comorbidities, have less severe […]

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High obesity rates in Southern states magnify Covid threat

In January, as Mississippi health officials planned for their incoming shipments of Covid-19 vaccine, they assessed the state's most vulnerable: health care workers, of course, and elderly people in nursing homes. But among those who needed urgent protection from the virus ripping across the Magnolia State were 1 million Mississippians with obesity. Obesity and weight-related illnesses have been deadly liabilities […]

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SARS-CoV-2 modulates host cell central carbon metabolism for reproduction

A team of scientists from Sweden and India has recently characterized the host cell metabolic alterations associated with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. Their findings reveal that SARS-CoV-2 modulates the host cell's central carbon metabolism to facilitate replication and infection propagation. Moreover, they observe that the severity of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) primarily depends on the blood […]

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Biomarkers in the blood can predict severe outcomes in COVID-19 patients

When patients with COVID-19 arrive in emergency rooms, there are relatively few ways for doctors to predict which ones are more likely to become critically ill and require intensive care and which ones are more likely to enjoy a quick recovery. New Yale research could help them identify important early clues. In a recent study, researchers report that a series […]

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Research identifies obesity and infection link, as well as treatment found on healthy human skin

The list of diseases and conditions complicated by obesity is a long one; it includes heart disease, cancer, diabetes and impaired wound healing, as well as skin infections. It is not always clear, however, in what way this complication is caused. New research from the School of Pharmaceutical Science at Xiamen University and the Gallo Lab at UC San Diego […]

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Kruppel-like factor 15 controls skeletal muscle fat uptake and utilization

Metabolic diseases, such as obesity and type 2 diabetes, have risen to epidemic proportions in the U.S. and occur in about 30 percent of the population. Skeletal muscle plays a prominent role in controlling the body's glucose levels, which is important for the development of metabolic diseases like diabetes. In a recent study, published in The Journal of Clinical Investigation, […]

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Study explains why antipsychotic medications lead to weight gain, promote metabolic syndrome

Why do patients who receive antipsychotic medications to manage schizophrenia and bipolar disorder quickly gain weight and develop prediabetes and hyperinsulemia? The question remained a mystery for decades, but in a paper published today in Translational Psychiatry, researchers from the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine finally cracked the enigma. Antipsychotic drugs, scientists showed, not only block dopamine signaling in […]

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