Protecting the microbiome essential to fighting antibiotic-resistant bacteria

Protecting the microbiome may be essential to curbing the spread of harmful, drug-resistant bacteria, suggests a study published today in eLife. Trillions of bacteria inhabit the human body and there is growing evidence that this microbiome is essential to human health. The findings add to this evidence by showing that a healthy microbiome not only plays a crucial role in […]

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Oral Microbiome Linked to COVID-19 Diagnosis

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) – Oral microbial markers may be a potential diagnostic tool for COVID-19, researchers suggest. As reported in Gut, Dr. Lanjuan Li of Zhengzhou University in China and colleagues sequenced 392 tongue-coating samples, 172 fecal and 155 serum samples from Central and East China. They characterized the microbiome and lipid molecules, then constructed microbial classifiers in a […]

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Microbial Infection Tied to Impaired Healing in Crohn’s Disease in Mice

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) – New mouse research suggests that infection with a type of yeast found in cheese and processed meat may impair intestinal-wound healing in patients with Crohn’s disease (CD), providing a potential target for prevention and treatment. Researchers found that levels of the yeast Debaryomyces hansenii are abundant and preferentially localized in incompletely healed intestinal wounds of […]

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Topical Probiotics for Atopic Dermatitis and Eczema

Atopic dermatitis is an inflammatory disease of the skin in which the normal barrier function of the skin is disrupted, so that immune function is impaired and susceptibility to infection with common bacteria like Staphylococcus aureus is increased. Staphylococcus aureus grow on Mannitol salt agar. Image Credit: Pattikky / Shutterstock This invasion by pathogenic microbes in turn leads to a […]

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The Use of Microbes in Food

Humans have long been innovative species. As we have observed natural processes and phenomena, our curiosity has been a driving force behind our progress. We have experimented with natural ingredients to create a multitude of food that we consume today. This article will discuss the history and current trends of microbial use in the food industry. Image Credit: Alpha Tauri […]

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The microbiome controls immune system fitness

Working alongside colleagues in Mainz, Bern, Hannover and Bonn, researchers from Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin, the Berlin Institute of Health (BIH) and the German Rheumatism Research Center Berlin (DRFZ) were able to show how the microbiome helps to render the immune system capable of responding to pathogens. If microbiome-derived signals are absent, relevant mediators are not released, resulting in a […]

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Have you been taking your gut health for granted?

Bacteria, fungi and viruses — collectively called microbiome — in the gastrointestinal tract perform many important functions in the body. For a body to function properly, it must maintain the right balance of bacteria in the gut. You may not be aware, but there exist bacteria, fungi and even viruses — collectively called microbiome — in the gastrointestinal tract. They […]

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Gut microbiome composition could make diarrhea less likely

Antibiotics are known to upset the balance of bacteria in the intestinal tract. In some cases, antibiotics can cause the bacterium Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) to overgrow wildly, causing diarrhea and, in severe cases, life-threatening intestinal inflammation. Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have found the molecular signature of a healthy gut microbial community, or microbiome—the […]

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Bacterial chemical ‘signatures’ a sign of damaged gut microbiome in critical illness

Chemicals produced by healthy bacteria could be used to assess the health of the gut microbiome and help identify critically-ill children at greatest risk of organ failure, a study published in Critical Care Medicine has found. The gut microbiome is a trillions-strong community of healthy bacteria that live inside us. They make important contributions to our health, including fermenting the […]

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