Study highlights need to monitor oxygen therapy in children with pneumonia

Oxygen therapy can save the lives of children with pneumonia, but careful monitoring is needed to reduce harm, avoid over-reliance and protect supply. These are among some of the key findings to emerge from a four-year-long study of children hospitalized with severe pneumonia in East Africa. Led by researchers at Imperial College London, the Children’s Oxygen Administration Strategies Trial (COAST) […]

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Health Highlights, Nov. 23, 2020

Some noteworthy news item compiled by HealthDay staff: Donald Trump Jr. Has Coronavirus Donald Trump Jr. has tested positive for the new coronavirus, and is the latest member of the president’s familyto be infected with the virus. Trump Jr. tested positive at the start of the week and has been “quarantining out at his cabin since the result,” a spokesman […]

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Single-cell study of Ebola highlights virus’s lethal maneuvers

Ebola virus is one of the world’s deadliest pathogens, and scientists now report new details of how the virus alters the host immune response for its own benefit during infection. In a study published today in Cell, the researchers identified antiviral defense genes that the virus suppresses, and other genes the virus activates to potentially boost its replication in cells. […]

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New study highlights risks associated with the sequential infection of influenza followed by COVID-19

A Liverpool-led study provides evidence that the ‘twinfection’ of influenza and COVID-19 may exacerbate the health risk associated with COVID-19. When multiple pathogens are in circulation at the same time this can lead to cooperative or competitive forms of pathogen-pathogen interactions. This concept of co-infection was evident during the outbreak of the Spanish flu in 1918 with secondary bacterial pneumonia […]

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New study highlights success of a mobile clinical and outreach van in helping people on the street with opioid addiction

A novel mobile health program created in early 2018 by the Kraft Center for Community Health at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) has proven to be an effective model for bringing opioid addiction treatment services directly to marginalized individuals, particularly the homeless, a population that faces the highest risk of near-term death from drug overdose. The early success of the program, […]

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Study highlights failure to recognise risks of epilepsy drug in pregnancy

Doctors are often failing to inform patients about the risk of birth defects to their unborn babies of a commonly used drug to treat epilepsy, according to a literature review by a University of Manchester researcher. The study by Wejdan Shroukh also reveals that both clinical staff and patients can dangerously misjudge the risk of taking a group of drugs—called […]

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Out with the old: Coronavirus highlights why we need new names for aging

Although largely unnoticed by mainstream media, something significant has happened with the rise of COVID-19: the marginalization of older Americans. Scorn for elders is now on full display. Some blame them for the shelter-in-place guidelines. Some even say they should be offered up as a sacrifice for the good of the country. But the coronavirus affects everyone. It’s true that […]

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New study highlights need for ethnic and ancestral diversity in genomic research

A new multicenter analysis led by researchers at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and other institutions found the inclusion of diverse, multiethnic populations in large-scale genomic studies is critical for reducing health disparities and accurately representing genetics-related disease risks in all populations. The results appear in the June 19 issue of […]

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Study highlights importance of healthy lifestyle during menopause

Australian research has further debunked the myth that people gain weight during menopause, adding to existing opinion that there is instead a redistribution of weight during this period. According to research from the Australian National University, published in American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology this month, while women do gain weight as they age, it is not attributable to the […]

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