Anti-diabetic drug metformin inhibits disease progression in Alport syndrome mouse model

Researchers from Kumamoto University (Japan) have found that the anti-diabetic drug metformin significantly prolongs the survival of mice in a model that simulates the pathology of non-diabetic chronic kidney disease (ND-CKD) by ameliorating pathological conditions like reduced kidney function, glomerular damage, inflammation and fibrosis. Metformin's mechanism is different from existing therapeutics which only treat symptoms, such as the blood pressure […]

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Rare genetic variant may explain severe COVID-19 in young healthy male patients

The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has now been spreading for over a year, but several mysteries surrounding its diverse outcomes remain. How is it that some young healthy individuals contract the infection(caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and become critically unwell? Why do others, who are older and have underlying comorbidities, have less severe […]

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Novel computer-guided design tool helps increase the efficiency of cell conversions

There is a great need to generate various types of cells for use in new therapies to replace tissues that are lost due to disease or injuries, or for studies outside the human body to improve our understanding of how organs and tissues function in health and disease. Many of these efforts start with human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) […]

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Research demonstrates multivalent nanobodies overcome SARS-CoV-2 variant mutations

Since the start of the COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) pandemic in late December 2019, the etiological agent severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) of this disease has caused more than 2.6 million deaths worldwide from over 117 million reported infections. However, as new vaccines are administered against the ancestral strain, many mutated variants of the virus are emerging across […]

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How do viruses evolve in bats?

Bats have played a crucial epidemiological role in the evolution of many viruses and house many coronaviruses. Until 2002, coronaviruses had been known to cause mild respiratory ailments in human beings. However, this notion changed in the same year when a bat-borne virus caused the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) pandemic. Review: Coronaviruses in humans and animals: the role of […]

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Commonly used sweeteners may promote antibiotic resistance

Researchers in Australia have conducted a study showing that commonly used nonnutritive sweeteners can promote the spread of antibiotic-resistant genes in the intestine. The study found that the sweeteners saccharine, sucralose, aspartame, and acesulfame potassium all promoted horizontal transfer of the genes between bacteria in both environmental and clinical settings. The sweeteners accelerated the exchange of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) […]

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