Using ‘organs-on-a-chip’ to model complicated diseases

MIT biological engineers have created a multitissue model that lets them study the relationships between different organs and the immune system, on a specialized microfluidic platform seeded with human cells. Using this type of model, sometimes called “organs-on-a-chip” or “physiome-on-a-chip,” the research team was able to explore the role of circulating immune cells in ulcerative colitis and other inflammatory diseases. […]

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Infectious diseases A-Z: Flu vaccine is a good match

The flu vaccine is a good match for the 2019-2020 flu season, reports the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Efficacy of the vaccine is estimated to be 45% so far this season. The CDC says the vaccine was even better for kids, providing substantial protection at 55% efficacy among children and adolescents aged 6 months to-17. In comparison, […]

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Genetic test could aid quest to reveal causes of rare diseases

The causes of rare diseases could be uncovered using an approach created to identify genetic mutations that trigger a muscle-wasting condition, a study suggests. Researchers have devised a way to pinpoint defective genes that are linked to a rare form of muscular dystrophy, which causes muscle weakening and heart problems. The approach could help doctors perform a faster and cheaper […]

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Research adds new twist to fight against autoimmune diseases

Scientists describe in Nature Immunology an entirely new molecular process in mice that triggers T cell-driven inflammation and causes different auto-immune diseases. In a study published online Dec. 17, researchers at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center say their data have implications for Multiple Sclerosis, Type 1 diabetes and Inflammatory Bowel Disease. It also will help efforts to find better treatments […]

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Tweaked CRISPR in neurons gives scientists new power to probe brain diseases

A team of scientists at UC San Francisco and the National Institutes of Health have achieved another CRISPR first, one which may fundamentally alter the way scientists study brain diseases. In a paper published August 15 in the journal Neuron, the researchers describe a technique that uses a special version of CRISPR developed at UCSF to systematically alter the activity […]

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Scientists discover complex connections between social dynamics and diseases

Large gatherings—from music festivals to religious pilgrimages to sporting events—have long been known to increase risks of infectious disease outbreaks. Now results from an NSF-funded study led by UC Berkeley researchers associate even small-scale community gatherings with increased transmission of diarrheal diseases. The results are published in the American Journal of Epidemiology. Gatherings at events can create environmental and social […]

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AI Technology IDs Genetic Diseases by Analyzing Facial Photos

TUESDAY, Jan. 8, 2019 — Certain genetic diseases can be detected by new artificial intelligence technology that analyzes a photo of a person’s face, according to a study published online Jan. 7 in Nature Medicine. The DeepGestalt technology was better than doctors at identifying a range of genetic syndromes, CNN reported. Examples of conditions that can be identified by the […]

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10 things to know for those who going to fill their first tattoo

Today, tattooing is making a huge number of people. For some this is a way of expression, for others it’s a protest and a challenge to society, third is art and beauty. In each of these cases, it is important to understand that it’s not an easy cosmetic procedure. So, what you need to know before you visit a tattoo […]

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New research questions role of gut parasite in intestinal diseases such as irritable bowel syndrome

New University of Kent-led research on the way a common gut parasite behaves could help lead to a better understanding of its role in the development of intestinal diseases such as irritable bowel syndrome. A team at the University of Kent, working with researchers from other universities, found that the microbe Blastocystis, commonly found in the guts of both humans […]

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