Researchers develop novel approach to capture hard-to-view portion of colon in 3D

In a groundbreaking discovery, researchers at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) developed a new imaging method that allows scientists to view the enteric nervous system (ENS) – a key part of the human colon—in three dimensions by making other colon cells that normally block it invisible. The ENS has previously only been visible in thin tissue slices that provide limited […]

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Harnessing biology and technology to develop new depression treatments

New research into the biology of depression, along with new and evolving technologies, provides the basis for developing the next generation of treatments for major depressive disorder (MDD), according to the special January/February issue of Harvard Review of Psychiatry. “By embracing a multifactorial understanding of MDD, by attending carefully to the sex difference in its prevalence and manifestation, and by […]

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Many patients with iNPH develop Alzheimer’s disease, too

Up to one in five patients treated for idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus, iNPH, also develop Alzheimer’s disease, according to a new study from the University of Eastern Finland and Kuopio University Hospital. The researchers were able to predict the development of Alzheimer’s disease by using the Disease State Index, DSI, that combines patient-specific data from various sources. The results were […]

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Researchers develop noninvasive method to detect early-stage liver disease

A safer and more sensitive contrast dye for MRI tests developed by a team led by Georgia State University researchers may provide the first effective, noninvasive method for detecting and diagnosing early-stage liver diseases, including liver fibrosis. “It’s a revolutionary change for the field as the first robust detection of the early stage of liver fibrosis,” said Jenny Yang, a […]

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Researchers develop novel heart pump to help people with heart failure

Dr. David Adlam, associate professor and interventional cardiologist in the Department of Cardiovascular Sciences and Piyal Samara-Ratna, Mechanical Engineer in the Space Research Centre, have joined forces to combine medical and space research to develop a pump to help people with heart failure. The new left ventricular assist device (LVAD) is an artificial heart pump used as an interim support […]

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Scientists develop a physical biomarker for cornea restoration therapy

Our eyes—the windows to the soul—need constant care, and as we age, they sometimes also need significant repair. The panes of these windows—the corneas—are transparent tissues that have been the focus of some of the oldest and most common transplantation surgeries. Now thanks to researchers in Kyoto, some such transplants may become even safer. The team, led by Kyoto University […]

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Stem cell differences could explain why women are more likely to develop adrenal cancer

Scientists have discovered a potential biological reason why women are more likely to develop adrenal disorders, including cancer. According to the researchers, the answer could lie in the increased turnover of hormone-producing cells found in the adrenal glands of females. The adrenal gland is a hormone producing organ that sits on top of the kidneys. The outer part, or cortex, […]

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Babies who hear two languages at home develop advantages in attention

The advantages of growing up in a bilingual home can start as early as six months of age, according to new research led by York University’s Faculty of Health. In the study, infants who are exposed to more than one language show better attentional control than infants who are exposed to only one language. This means that exposure to bilingual […]

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