Mice ‘detectives’ hint at how humans read between the lines

Some people are annoyingly good at “reading between the lines.” They seem to know, well before anyone else, who is the killer in a movie, or the meaning of an abstract poem. What these people are endowed with is a strong inference capability—using indirect evidence to figure out hidden information. But inference is not a skill possessed by the lucky […]

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Researcher’s technology differentiates between Parkinson’s disease and multiple system atrophy

Scientists have found a way to distinguish between two progressive neurodegenerative diseases, Parkinson’s disease (PD) and multiple system atrophy (MSA), using a technology developed by a researcher at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth). The discovery was published today in Nature. It is challenging to distinguish between the two diseases because the early signs are similar—disturbances […]

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Connecting dots between higher blood pressure early in life and dementia

Whether elevated blood pressure early in life translates to increased risk of dementia is a question scientists are working to answer. “Dementia is not a normal part of aging, and once it begins you can’t reverse it,” says Dr. Shaoyong Su, genetic epidemiologist at the Georgia Prevention Institute at the Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University. “It typically surfaces […]

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Chemicals between us: Surprising effects of oxytocin on cocaine addiction

A team of addiction researchers at the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) report in Psychopharmacology that oxytocin, a hormone produced naturally in the hypothalamus, has significant gender differences when used as a treatment for cocaine-addicted individuals with a history of childhood trauma. The MUSC team was led by Jane E. Joseph, Ph.D., a professor in the Department of Neuroscience, […]

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Relation between physical violence and not having adequate check-ups during pregnancy

Women who fail to have adequate check-ups during pregnancy are more likely to be suffering physical violence at the hands of their partners. The study also found that pregnant women who fail to attend regular hospital check-ups during pregnancy are more likely to be suffering physical violence at the hands of their partners. The research, published by the European Journal […]

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Study finds links between early screen exposure, sleep disruption and EBD in kids

Digital media have become an integral part of lifestyles in recent years, and the ubiquity of digital devices coupled with poor screen use habits can have a detrimental effect on the developmental and psychosocial well-being of children. A new study by KK Women’s and Children’s Hospital (KKH), together with National University of Singapore, has found that first exposure earlier than […]

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Scientists predict the areas of the brain to stimulate transitions between different brain states

A fundamental question in neuroscience is how to force the transition from one brain state to another, for example, from sleep to wakefulness, or in the face of brain pathologies, such as psychiatric diseases and impaired consciousness. As Gustavo Deco and Josephine Cruzat point out: “it is feasible to force the transition from one brain state to another by means […]

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Molecular link between chronic pain and depression revealed

Researchers at Hokkaido University have identified the brain mechanism linking chronic pain and depression in rats. Their research, which was recently published in the Journal of Neuroscience, could lead to the development of new treatments for chronic pain and depression. “Clinicians have known for a long time that chronic pain often leads to depression, however the brain mechanism for this […]

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Study suggests possible link between sugary drinks and cancer

A study published by The BMJ today reports a possible association between higher consumption of sugary drinks and and an increased risk of cancer. While cautious interpretation is needed, the findings add to a growing body of evidence indicating that limiting sugary drink consumption, together with taxation and marketing restrictions, might contribute to a reduction in cancer cases. The consumption […]

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