Certain personality traits may affect risk of ‘pre-dementia’

A study published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society examined five personality traits—neuroticism, extraversion, conscientiousness, agreeableness, and openness—and their links to pre-dementia conditions called motoric cognitive risk (MCR) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) syndromes. Among 524 adults aged 65 years and older who were followed for a median of 3 years, 38 participants developed MCR and 69 developed […]

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Disability, quality of life, mood may affect sleep in IBD patients

(HealthDay)—Sleep quality is associated with mood state, disability, and quality of life among patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), according to a study published online Jan. 16 in Scientific Reports. Carla Marinelli, from the University Hospital of Padua in Italy, and colleagues evaluated sleep quality among 166 IBD patients to identify possible independent risk factors for sleep disturbance, including demographic […]

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Coffee consumption does not affect insulin sensitivity

(HealthDay)—Consumption of four cups of coffee daily does not impact insulin sensitivity, according to a study published online Dec. 31 in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Derrick Johnston Alperet, from the National University of Singapore, and colleagues conducted a 24-week trial involving 126 overweight, non-insulin-sensitive adults aged 35 to 69 years. Participants were randomly assigned to receive either four […]

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What is ‘attachment’ and how does it affect our relationships?

Research across many years and many cultures has found around 35-40% of people say they feel insecure in their adult relationships. While 60-65% experience secure, loving and satisfying relationships. How secure or insecure we are with our romantic partners depends, in part, on how we bonded with our parents at a young age. From the day we were born we […]

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Closures affect one in eight pharmacies in the US

In a report published in JAMA Internal Medicine, researchers from the University of Illinois at Chicago found that despite an overall increase in the number of pharmacies in the U.S. from 2009 to 2015, one in eight pharmacies, or 9,654, had closed during this period. The researchers examined how pharmacy, community and market characteristics influenced the risk of a pharmacy […]

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High-fat, high-carbohydrate diets affect your brain, not just your physical appearance

Much research has pointed to how an unhealthy diet correlates to obesity, but has not explored how diet can bring about neurological changes in the brain. A recent Yale study has discovered that high-fat diets contribute to irregularities in the hypothalamus region of the brain, which regulates body weight homeostasis and metabolism. Led by Sabrina Diano, the Richard Sackler Family […]

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Diet quality may affect risk of frailty in older adults

Poorer overall diet quality was linked with an increased risk of becoming frail in a study of U.S. community-dwelling older adults, published in the Journal of the American Geriatric Society. The quality of the overall diet appeared to be more important than protein intake for a lower risk of frailty. During 4 years of follow-up, 277 of the 2154 participants—who […]

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How early-life challenges affect how children focus, face the day

Adversity early in life tends to affect a child’s executive function skills—their ability to focus, for example, or organize tasks. Experiences such as poverty, residential instability, or parental divorce or substance abuse, also can lead to changes in a child’s brain chemistry, muting the effects of stress hormones. These hormones rise to help us face challenges, stress or to simply […]

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Q&A: Functional dyspepsia can significantly affect quality of life

Dear Mayo Clinic: I thought I had an ulcer, but my doctor ruled that out and wants to run tests. He said it could be functional dyspepsia. What causes this, and is it treatable? A: Functional dyspepsia (also called nonulcer dyspepsia) and peptic ulcers can feel much the same. But, unlike a peptic ulcer, which involves open sores in the […]

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How your genes could affect the quality of your marriage

How important is it to consider a romantic partner’s genetic profile before getting married? It is logical to think that genetic factors may underlie many traits already used by matching sites – like personality and empathy – which many assume could promote initial chemistry and long-term potential in specific couples. So it is perhaps not surprising that there are now […]

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