What is a stroke? Symptoms, causes and how to treat the brain condition

This month, the Stroke Association is pushing its Make May Purple campaign.

The event aims to raise awareness for those who have been affected by the life-threatening medical condition.

It also aims to educate the public about its causes and symptoms.

Here’s everything you need to know about the illness.

What is stroke?

A stroke occurs when blood supply to the brain is cut off.

This kills brain cells, which can affect how the body functions.

In some cases, it can affect sufferers mentally.

Strokes can be fatal and require immediate medical attention.

What are the symptoms of a stroke?

According to the NHS, the main symptoms of stroke can be remembered with the word F.A.S.T.

These include:

Face – the face may have dropped on one side, making it difficult for them to smile. There may also be abnormal sagging or drooping around the mouth or eyes.

Arms – the affected person may be unable to lift both arms and keep them there because of weakness or numbness in one arm.

Speech – speech may be slurred or garbled, impacting the ability to speak. Stoke can also cause confusion, making it difficult for sufferers to understand what you’re saying to them

Time – it’s time to dial 999 immediately if you see any of these signs or symptoms

How is stroke treated?

As strokes can vary in severity, treatment and recovery time varies from case to case.

Often, patients are treated with medications that dissolve blood clots and lower blood pressure and cholesterol.

Surgery may also be recommended to remove blood clots and treat brain swelling.

Stroke can have long-term impacts, making it difficult for patients to recover.

Those with brain injuries will require a long period of rehabilitation.

For more information, visit the Stroke Association website.

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