Type 2 diabetes: The four strange signs and symptoms to look out for – do you have it?

Type 2 diabetes causes the body to be irresponsive to insulin, a hormone that allows the body to use sugar from carbohydrates. This causes blood glucose levels to become too high and triggers symptoms such as needing to pee more often and excessive thirst. Left untreated a person can develop serious conditions such as heart disease, stroke, kidney disease and nerve damage. You could be at risk of developing the condition if you notice these unusual symptoms.

In some cases, itchy skin may be caused by complications of diabetes, such as nerve damage or kidney disease. Itching of the feet, legs or ankles is a common complaint in people with type 2 diabetes that may occur as a result of a period of too high sugar levels. Itchy skin could be caused by diabetes, warned dietician Amy Gorin.

A person might also notice darkening in the body’s folds and creases including the armpits, groin and neck.

The reason for this occurrence is the extra insulin circulating in the body may trigger skin cells to rapidly reproduce, and the new cells have more melanin resulting in a patch of skin that’s darker than the skin surrounding it.

Another unusual symptom of type 2 diabetes is erectile dysfunction. Although diabetes and erectile dysfunction are two separate conditions, they tend to go hand-in-hand.

Men who have diabetes are two to three times more likely to develop erectile dysfunction.

The reason for this is related to the circulation and nervous system with poorly controlled blood sugar levels damaging small blood vessels and nerves.

This damage controls sexual stimulation and can impede a man’s ability to achieve an erection.

A report from the Boston University Medical Centre stated that about half of men who are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes will develop erectile dysfunction within five to ten years of their diagnosis. 

Slow healing cuts are also a red flag when it comes to type 2 diabetes.

Diabetes.co.uk said on their website: “Wounds and sores that take more than a few weeks to heal might be infected and require medical treatment, and often indicate an underlying disease such as diabetes.

“High levels of blood glucose caused by diabetes can, over time, affect the nerves and lead to poor blood circulation, making it hard for blood which is needed for skin repair to reach areas of the body affected by sores and wounds.”

Diabetes symptoms include unexplained weight loss, tiredness, and passing more urine than normal. The condition affects around four million people in the UK, and 90 per cent of cases are caused by type 2 diabetes.

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