Congo leader blames Ebola after excluding 1 million voters from election

Congo’s leader is blaming a deadly Ebola virus outbreak for the last-minute decision to keep an estimated 1 million voters from the polls in Sunday’s long-delayed presidential election, claiming it would be a “disaster” if someone infects scores or hundreds of others.

In an interview with The Associated Press, President Joseph Kabila contradicted his own health officials and experts with the World Health Organization, who have said precautions were taken in collaboration with electoral authorities so people could vote. Those include tons of hand sanitizer — Ebola is spread via infected bodily fluids — and the screening of all voters entering polling stations.

Kabila in his comments Thursday evening claimed that Ebola could spread as people use voting machines, which require tapping on a touchscreen to select candidates. A polling station could have 500 to 600 voters and “this assumes that a lot of people will be contaminated,” he said. Health officials have said voters would be told to sanitize their hands before and after voting.

In this Sept. 25, 2018, file photo, President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo Joseph Kabila Kabange addresses the United Nations General Assembly at the United Nations headquarters.

Until this week, the Ebola outbreak declared on Aug. 1 had been a challenge but not a barrier to the election. Voting is now delayed in the cities of Beni and Butembo — but not in other communities with confirmed Ebola cases — until March, long after the inauguration of Kabila’s successor in January. Residents had largely supported Kabila in past elections but sentiment has turned in recent years amid persistent insecurity.

This latest delay in an election that was meant to occur in late 2016 has angered both residents and the opposition, which accuses the government of trying to ensure that Kabila’s preferred successor is elected. Many Congolese believe Kabila will continue to wield power behind the scenes and protect his assets in a country with vast mineral wealth.

Protests broke out in Beni for a second day on Friday, with hundreds of people demanding the right to vote on Sunday with the rest of the country. Police and the army used live ammunition and tear gas to disperse the marchers who barricaded streets.

Congolese police move to quell protests in the Eastern Congolese town of Beni, Friday Dec. 28, 2018, as they demonstrate against the election postponed until March 2019.

Some protesters carried crosses with the words “RIP Kabila” and saying his preferred successor, Emmanuel Ramazani Shadary, “will never be our president.” A statement by Beni’s civil society urged residents to turn out en masse on Sunday.

“We don’t fear Ebola,” one of the marchers, Claude Vianney, told the AP.

On Thursday, some protesters attacked an Ebola response centre and sent 21 patients fleeing. While the health ministry said most had tested negative for the virus and 11 people had already returned, the vandalism was the latest setback in efforts to contain what has become the second deadliest Ebola outbreak in history. Nearly 600 cases have been reported, with more than 350 confirmed deaths.

The uproar over the voting delay has “badly disturbed” Ebola response work in Beni and Butembo, Congo’s health ministry said. Health teams could barely deploy on Thursday and no Ebola vaccinations in either city could be carried out, it said.

Congolese supporters of opposition candidate Martin Fayulu protest the cancellation of their rally in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Wednesday Dec. 19, 2018.

The health ministry has not commented on the voting delay.

Protesters said life has continued in the outbreak zone, with schools open, people going to church and candidates holding campaign rallies. Congo’s president responded by saying such activities don’t involve voting machines.

There is “no further reason” to prevent Sunday’s election, Kabila told the AP, adding: “Rest assured, there will be peace.” Police will be prepared to secure the population, he said.

He dismissed opposition allegations that their campaigns had faced restrictions, including blocked flights and assaults on supporters, in recent weeks.

In a separate AP interview, opposition candidate Martin Fayulu asserted that up to 5 million of Congo’s 40 million voters won’t be able to cast ballots on Sunday, claiming that voting machines had yet to be delivered to some areas. One election official has said some machines have to be carried on the heads of porters through almost impenetrable bush to polling stations.

Congolese opposition presidential candidate Martin Fayulu prepares for an interview with the Associated Press in Kinshasa, Congo, Thursday Dec. 27, 2018.

The opposition coalition called for a nationwide “ghost town” strike on Friday but urged supporters to remain calm.

Congo’s president also sounded defiant in the face of international pressure over the election that has been delayed since late 2016. Kabila’s foreign minister on Thursday ordered the European Union ambassador to leave the country within 48 hours, citing EU sanctions on Kabila’s preferred successor, Shadary.

Shadary, a former interior minister, is under an EU asset freeze and travel ban for obstructing Congo’s electoral process and for a crackdown against protesters angry over the delayed vote. The EU prolonged the sanctions this month after Congo’s foreign minister pleaded with EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini to lift them, even for a “probationary period.”

An EU spokesperson on Friday called Congo’s order “completely unjustified” and counterproductive “on the eve of very challenging elections.”

Protesters act in front of the camera after setting a burning barricade in the Eastern Congolese town of Beni Thursday Dec. 27, 2018.

Kabila, when asked what advice he had for his successor, replied: “The biggest recommendation is that he listen to the voice of the Congolese and not follow that of the United States, Europe or elsewhere.”

Congo has resisted what it considers international meddling in the election, vowing to fund the vote itself. Western observer groups are notably absent.

“I have already said that Congo is not a beggar country,” Kabila said.

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