What is the Role of Liquid Biopsies in Disease?

Biomarkers: The precursor to successful liquid biopsy implementationLiquid biopsy in cancer diagnosis and monitoringThe current state of liquid biopsy developmentReferences Further reading  Liquid biopsy refers to the analysis of tumors using biomarkers circulating in several bodily fluids such as the blood. In recent years it has received a large amount of attention in the diagnostic sphere as it presents a minimally […]

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How is Rheumatic Fever Diagnosed?

IntroductionJones criteria for rheumatic fever diagnosisLaboratory studies for rheumatic fever diagnosisDifferential diagnosisReferences Rheumatic fever represents an autoimmune disease following infection with group A streptococcus (Streptococcus pyogenes), one of the most ubiquitous human pathogens. The disease is characterized by multiple focal inflammatory lesions of the connective tissue structures – particularly of the heart, blood vessels, and joints. Rheumatic fever remains one […]

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What is Protein Arginylation?

IntroductionSupporting evidenceEffectsReferencesFurther reading Protein arginylation is a post-translational modification that transfers the amino acid arginine from tRNA directly to protein targets via the enzyme arginyltransferase (ATE1). Arginylation can occur on any residue at the N-terminus of a protein and requires a specific structural recognition motif on the protein surface. Arginylation has an essential role in multiple physiological pathways but remains […]

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Government Watchdogs Attack Medicare Advantage for Denying Care and Overcharging

Congress should crack down on Medicare Advantage health plans for seniors that sometimes deny patients vital medical care while overcharging the government billions of dollars every year, government watchdogs told a House panel Tuesday. Witnesses sharply criticized the fast-growing health plans at a hearing held by the Energy and Commerce subcommittee on oversight and investigations. They cited a slew of […]

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What is Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis?

IntroductionCause and symptomsRisk factorsEpidemiologyDiagnosisTreatmentReferencesFurther Reading Vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) is a chronic, bilateral, allergic condition primarily affecting children and young adults. It is a seasonal allergic inflammatory disease of the eye with episodes of acute exacerbations. Even though the condition is usually self-limiting and resolves after puberty, some people can suffer sight-threatening consequences. The mainstay of treatment is immunosuppressive medicine, however […]

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Regenerative Therapy for Erectile Dysfunction

What is erectile dysfunction?What are the common treatments for erectile dysfunction?Regenerative therapies for erectile dysfunctionPlatelet-rich plasmaLow-intensity extracorporeal shockwave therapyStem cell therapyAmniotic fluid matricesReferences Further reading Erectile dysfunction is a common sexual abnormality in men. The condition is characterized by the inability to get or keep an erection during sexual activity. New regenerative therapies have shown promising outcomes in restoring the structure […]

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Health Technology Around the World

IntroductionWhat is Health Technology?A History of Health Technology and its AdvantagesHealth Technology in ChinaHealth Technology: Leveraging Blockchain in the USATelehealth Technology in GermanyThe Future of Healthcare TechnologyReferences Health technologies can support the implementation o effective national health and care systems. These are defined as data-enabled infrastructure that supports policy and planning. In addition, they can inform effective public health and […]

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What is Havana Syndrome?

IntroductionSymptomsWho was Affected?CausesFuture OutlooksReferencesFurther Reading Between the end of 2016 and May 2018, several diplomats, military officers, intelligence officers, and other government personnel from the United States who were traveling to both Cuba and China experienced several unusual clinical symptoms without a clear cause. Symptoms Some of the symptoms that were reported from these individuals included hearing a sudden loud […]

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Polycystic Ovary Syndrome and the Contraceptive Pill

IntroductionPCOS and comorbiditiesSymptoms of PCOSPharmacology of oral contraceptivesMechanism of action of oral contraceptionThe effect of the contraceptive pill on androgen productionThe effect of the contraceptive pill on glucose toleranceThe effect of the oral contraceptive on insulin resistance and secretionThe effect of the contraceptive pill on lipid levelsReferencesFurther Reading Oral contraceptive pills (OCPs) are considered first-line therapy for concurrent menstrual irregularity treatment, […]

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