Women with a low desire to avoid pregnancy still use contraception

A new study from the University of California San Francisco (UCSF) and Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health challenges assumptions that women with the highest preference against pregnancy use more effective contraceptive methods and that women who might welcome pregnancy do not use contraception. Overall, women with a stronger preference to avoid pregnancy were far more likely to use […]

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Aspirin use may reduce cancer, all-cause mortality in seniors

Aspirin use three or more times per week is associated with reductions in all-cause, any cancer, gastrointestinal cancer, and colorectal cancer (CRC) mortality among older adults, according to a study published online Dec. 4 in JAMA Network Open. Holli A. Loomans-Kropp, Ph.D., M.P.H., from the National Cancer Institute in Rockville, Maryland, and colleagues examined the correlation of aspirin use with […]

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Risk for skin infections, diabetes increase with statin use

(HealthDay)—Using statins for as short a time as three months can put patients at risk for developing diabetes and skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs), according to a study published in the November issue of the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. Humphrey H.T. Ko, from the School of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences at Curtin University in Perth, Australia, and colleagues […]

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FDA urged to investigate use of unapproved anti-opioid implant on prisoners and the homeless

BioCorRx bills itself as a developer of “advanced solutions” for alcohol and opioid addictions. But the California-based company has come under fire for plans to test an unapproved naltrexone implant on Louisiana prison inmates and homeless Philadelphians who are struggling with addiction, in violation of federal laws protecting human research subjects. Only one prisoner actually received the implant before the […]

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More hospital days seen with antipsychotic use in Alzheimer disease

(HealthDay)—Alzheimer disease patients who initiate treatment with antipsychotic medications spend more days hospitalized than those who do not initiate antipsychotics, according to a study recently published in the Journal of Post-Acute and Long-Term Care Medicine. Marjaana Koponen, Ph.D., of the Kuopio Research Center of Geriatric Care at the University of Eastern Finland, and colleagues used a nationwide exposure-matched cohort to […]

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Leg amputees feel and use nerve-stimulating leg prosthesis as a real limb

A European consortium led by ETH Zurich and SensArs Neuroprosthetics reports that tiny electrodes implanted in a patients’ thigh nerve allow them to feel natural sensations of touch and movement from a prosthesis. Amputees can then walk freely while thinking about activities other than controlling the device. The details of the work were published in Science Translational Medicine and represent […]

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Depression is the single largest predictor of substance use during pregnancy

It is well known that tobacco, alcohol, and cannabis use during pregnancy are associated with poor birth outcomes, yet many women continue to use these substances during pregnancy. Researchers at Western University and its affiliate Brescia University College have now shown that depression is the single largest driver of substance use during pregnancy, highlighting the need for greater supports for […]

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New data indicate rise in opioid use for migraine treatment

An increasing number of Americans are using opioids to treat their migraine headaches, despite the fact that opioids are not the recommended first-line therapy for migraine in most cases. That’s according to the ObserVational Survey of the Epidemiology, tReatment and Care Of MigrainE (OVERCOME) study, a web-based patient survey of people living with migraine. Migraine care specialist Sait Ashina, MD, […]

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Opioid use and misuse three months after ED visit for acute pain

Opioid use at the three-month follow-up in emergency department patients discharged with an opioid prescription for acute pain is relatively low and not necessarily synonymous with opioid misuse. That is the conclusion of a study to be published in the August 2019 issue of Academic Emergency Medicine (AEM), a journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine (SAEM). The lead […]

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