Epigenetic markers reveal tumor progression and metastasis in multiple cancer types

New University of Otago research into tell-tale markers of cancer cells could help doctors identify whether the cells are more likely to spread to other parts of the body. The impact of that knowledge could give doctors and patients a clearer idea of how aggressively the cancer cells spread and therefore inform treatment options. The research was published this week […]

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AI reveals new breast cancer types that respond differently to treatment

Scientists have used artificial intelligence to recognise patterns in breast cancer—and uncovered five new types of the disease each matched to different personalised treatments. Their study applied AI and machine learning to gene sequences and molecular data from breast tumours, to reveal crucial differences among cancers that had previously been lumped into one type. The new study, led by a […]

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Nearly 30 types of gut bacteria linked to colorectal cancer

Nearly 30 types of gut bacteria are linked to colorectal cancer, new studies find Researchers found higher levels of nearly 30 different types of bacteria in colorectal cancer patients compared to healthy individuals One was Fusobacterium nucleatum, an oral bacterium that plays a role in periodontal disease  Another breaks down choline, an essential nutrient found in meat, and turns it […]

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New microfluidics platform separates cell types for RNA profiling

A team led by scientists at the Broad Institute, MIT, and Massachusetts General Hospital has developed a prototype device that uses microfluidics to sort cell types extracted from clinical samples for RNA sequencing.  “This platform allows us to isolate specific cell subsets in a sample, so we can perform RNA sequencing and address biological questions in different cell types,” explained […]

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The five types of problem drinking are more common at different ages

Alcohol abuse is more complicated than simply drinking too much. There may be five separate types of problem drinkers, according to Penn State researchers, and each one may be more common at different stages of life. In a study, Penn State researchers discovered five distinct classes or “profiles” among people with alcohol use disorder, with each profile defined by a […]

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Psoriasis oral medication: Types, uses, and side effects

An estimated 25 percent of all people with psoriasis have moderate or severe psoriasis. Many of these people require oral medication or phototherapy. This article gives an overview of the different types of oral medication, their uses, and their possible side effects. Types Oral medications for psoriasis are a type of systemic medication. This means that instead of just responding […]

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