New study identifies potential path forward for brachial plexus injury recovery

On average, an estimated three out of every 1,000 newborns will suffer a brachial plexus injury during birth, damaging the bundle of nerves that connect the brain and spinal cord to the shoulders, arms and hands. In the most traumatic cases, even with surgery and physical therapy as an infant, there is no treatment that can guarantee a full recovery. […]

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Study answers when moderate to late preterm babies go home

“When is my baby going home?” is one of the first questions asked by families of infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Now clinicians have a data-based answer. Moderate to late preterm babies (born at gestational age of 32 to 36 weeks) who have no significant medical problems on admission are likely to be discharged at 36 […]

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New Yorkers are initiating treatment earlier after HIV infection, study shows

The most effective way to reduce HIV-related deaths and prevent onward transmission is to diagnose and treat all persons as soon as possible after HIV infection. According to a study published in Clinical Infectious Diseases, New Yorkers living with HIV are being treated sooner after infection. The time to treatment initiation was reduced in tandem with expanded HIV testing and […]

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Study urges life-saving drug treatment to combat Ukraine’s HIV epidemic

Credit: Michael S. Helfenbein University researchers finds that scaling up use of methadone and buprenorphine—medications for treating opioid use disorder known as opioid agonist therapies (OATs)—could greatly reduce HIV transmission rates and prevent deaths in Ukraine, where the disease is epidemic among people who inject drugs. The study was published in The Lancet. Annual new HIV infections in Ukraine—home to […]

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Study finds racial/ethnic disparities in pain treatment by emergency responders

Whether or not a patient receives pain treatment when seeking emergency medical services may depend, in part, on their race or ethnicity, according to a new study by Portland State researchers. The study was published in the journal Medical Care and was led by PSU Sociology Ph.D. student Jamie Kennel and Associate Professor of Sociology Hyeyoung Woo. “We found evidence […]

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Study estimates that half of US adults will be obese by 2030

There’s no way to sugarcoat this news: Nearly half of American adults will be obese within a decade and one-quarter will be severely so, a new report predicts. It corrects for a weakness in previous estimates that may have made the problem seem not as big as it really is. Those estimates often relied on national health surveys and people […]

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Taking fish oil tablets for four weeks improves ‘night vision,’ study says

Fish oil supplements can significantly improve ‘night vision’, according to a new study. Researchers from Loughborough University wanted to know whether docosahexanoic acid (DHA), a polyunsaturated fatty acid found in fish oils, improved ‘dark adaptation capabilities’ – the process the eyes go through when adjusting to new light levels. DHA, found in mackerel, herring, tuna and halibut, is known to […]

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