Annual mammography screenings aren’t the best option for female survivors of some childhood cancers

Female survivors of childhood cancers who have been treated with thoracic radiation, such as survivors of Hodgkin’s lymphoma (HL), have a higher risk of developing breast cancer later in life compared to the general population. To mitigate this risk, current guidelines in Ontario recommend that female HL survivors undergo annual mammography and MRI screenings starting at age 30, the same […]

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Narcissists and psychopaths: how some societies ensure these dangerous people never wield power

Throughout history, people who have gained positions of power tend to be precisely the kind of people who should not be entrusted with it. A desire for power often correlates with negative personality traits: selfishness, greed and a lack of empathy. And the people who have the strongest desire for power tend to be the most ruthless and lacking in […]

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Some women with psychotic disorders are more vulnerable around the time of menstruation

Mothers on the Edge, a recent documentary by Louis Theroux, told the stories of four new mothers admitted to specialist mental health units for a range of serious conditions including anxiety, depression and psychosis—triggered by recent motherhood. Hormonal changes that happen with childbirth, menopause and menstruation may trigger or exacerbate symptoms of psychosis. Levels of ovarian hormones in the blood […]

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Some children find it harder to understand what strangers are saying

New research by New York University Steinhardt Associate Professor Susannah Levi finds that children with poorer language skills are at a disadvantage when given tasks or being spoken to by strangers because they cannot, as easily as their peers, understand speech from people they do not know. Levi’s research evaluated school-aged children and found that children with high language skills—a […]

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Neuroscientists reverse some behavioral symptoms of Williams syndrome

Williams Syndrome, a rare neurodevelopmental disorder that affects about one in 10,000 babies born in the United States, produces a range of symptoms including cognitive impairments, cardiovascular problems, and extreme friendliness, or hypersociability. In a study of mice, MIT neuroscientists have garnered new insight into the molecular mechanisms that underlie this hypersociability. They found that loss of one of the […]

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Study may explain why immunotherapy not effective for some patients with metastatic melanoma and kidney cancer

White blood cells known as B cells have been shown to be effective for predicting which cancer patients will respond to immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) therapy, according to a study at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. Study results will be presented April 2 at the AACR Annual Meeting 2019 in Atlanta. The study, led by Jennifer Wargo, […]

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Scientists identify genetic factors that may cause some people to become obese

Obesity is a major public-health problem in the United States and around the world, with an estimated 650 million people suffering from the condition. One of the biggest challenges of this ever-worsening condition is figuring out why people become obese in the first place, and why some people are more vulnerable to obesity than others. Now, scientists at The Rockefeller […]

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Thyroid Surgery Complications Can Land Some Back in the Hospital

TUESDAY, Jan. 8, 2019 — Surgery to remove all or part of the thyroid can trigger side effects that send some patients back to the hospital, a new study finds. These side effects include tingling in the fingers that can become tremors and spasms in all muscles of the body — including the heart and muscles surrounding the lungs. “The […]

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Why women get PMS and why some are more affected

Women have been menstruating throughout history. So it’s curious the earliest documented record of what we now know to be premenstrual syndrome (PMS) appeared pretty late in the game. In 1931, psychoanalyst Karen Horney described increased tension, irritability, depression and anxiety in the week preceding menstruation in one of her patients. Now it’s generally accepted up to 80% of women […]

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