Scientists identify new disrupted pathway in motor neurone disease

Researchers at the University of Sheffield have identified a new pathway that is disrupted in motor neurone disease (MND), a discovery which could pave the way for new treatments. The ground breaking findings were discovered by converting skin cells to brain cells called astrocytes, and comparing the energy metabolism of cells taken from MND patients versus healthy controls, using a […]

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Scientists shed light on processes behind age-related decline in brain structures important for memory

Ageing can cause damage to support cells in the white matter, which in turn may lead to damage in the grey matter of the hippocampus, finds a new study by Cardiff University. The discovery gives researchers a new area to focus on in the search for treatments that can protect cognitive function. Claudia Metzler-Baddeley, from Cardiff University’s Brain Imaging Research […]

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Scientists generate high-quality human vascular cells through genome editing technology

Scientists from the Institute of Biophysics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Peking University and the Institute of Zoology of CAS have generated the world’s first genetically enhanced human vascular cells by targeting a single longevity gene, FOXO3. The study was recently published in Cell Stem Cell. This six-year joint research effort represents the first time human vascular cell […]

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Hong Kong scientists claim ‘broad-spectrum’ antiviral breakthrough

Hong Kong scientists claim they have made a potential breakthrough discovery in the fight against infectious diseases—a chemical that could slow the spread of deadly viral illnesses. A team from the University of Hong Kong described the newly discovered chemical as “highly potent in interrupting the life cycle of diverse viruses” in a study published this month in the journal […]

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Scientists have learned how public transportation affects the spread of influenza and SARS

Although the connection of colds, with regular travel by public transport is widely acknowledged, the scientific evidence as they affect the spread of airborne infections, were never presented. A new study by the London underground, published in Environmental Health, confirmed the existence of this connection. This will contribute to the justification of measures to control the spread of infectious diseases. […]

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Scientists discover ‘brain hot spot’ for drugs against fear

Anxiety disorders are a major medical problem affecting a large population. They can be treated with a range of psychiatric drugs, including a group of substances called benzodiazepines (BZDs). BZDs have been used to treat patients with anxiety for 50 years and it is well-understood what they do on the molecular and cellular level. However, doctors and neuroscientists had much […]

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Scientists have learned, what sports prolong life

Any aerobic activities have a better effect on health than all other types of exercises. To such conclusion scientists, who published an article in the European Heart journal. In recent years, scientists have been actively interested in how different kinds of exercise not only affect muscle condition and metabolism, but also on life expectancy and its quality in old age. […]

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On the trail of rare genetic disease, scientists uncover key immune regulator

Scientists at Scripps Research have found an important immune system-regulating protein that in principle could be targeted to treat cancers and chronic viral infections. The scientists, in a study published November 12 in Nature Chemical Biology, set out to determine the function of a protein, ABHD12, whose absence causes a rare genetic disease featuring a host of brain and nerve […]

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Biologists have found in the gut bacteria that accelerate aging

Experiments on flies has helped Swiss scientists to access very unusual representatives of flora, directly impacting the immune system and accelerating aging. Their findings have been presented in the journal Immunity. “We opened a specific microbe and a product life that affect the rate of aging of a host organism. There is no doubt that there are other examples of […]

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Scientists shine new light on link between obesity and cancer

Scientists have made a major discovery that shines a new, explanatory light on the link between obesity and cancer. Their research confirms why the body’s immune surveillance systems—led by cancer-fighting Natural Killer cells—stutter and fail in the presence of excess fat. Additionally, it outlines possible paths to new treatment strategies that would see “fat-clogged” Natural Killer cells molecularly re-programmed and […]

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