HIV in Kenya: High risk groups aren’t getting the attention they need

Efforts to manage the HIV epidemic in much of sub-Saharan Africa need to specifically target sections of the population that are most vulnerable to HIV infection. Two such key populations include men who have sex with men and transgender women. But in many countries on the continent same sex relationships—and transgender identities—are criminalised. Kenya is one such country where the […]

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Diet quality may affect risk of frailty in older adults

Poorer overall diet quality was linked with an increased risk of becoming frail in a study of U.S. community-dwelling older adults, published in the Journal of the American Geriatric Society. The quality of the overall diet appeared to be more important than protein intake for a lower risk of frailty. During 4 years of follow-up, 277 of the 2154 participants—who […]

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Cholesterol levels below 50 can RAISE stroke risk by up to 170%

Low cholesterol can RAISE risk of stroke: LDL levels below 50 linked to 170% greater risk of fatal vessel ruptures The American Heart Association recommends keeping your ‘bad’ cholesterol low to prevent heart disease  But new Penn State research suggests that there is such a thing as too low  An LDL below 100 is considered ‘good’ and linked to a […]

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Commonly prescribed drugs could increase the risk of dementia, says a new study

The study, carried out by experts from the University of Nottingham and funded by the NIHR School for Primary Care Research, found that there was nearly a 50% increased risk of dementia among patients aged 55 and over who had used strong anticholinergic medication daily for three years or more. Anticholinergic drugs help to contract and relax muscles. They work […]

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Natural lipids in buttermilk could contribute to reducing cardiovascular risk in vulnerable populations

Dairy products contain a wide variety of lipids, including triglycerides and polar lipids, the latter being specific lipids that naturally stabilize fat droplets and are notably found in cream and buttermilk. Polar lipids play a crucial physiological role as they are essential components of cell membranes. Preliminary experiments in rodents had revealed the beneficial effects of milk polar lipids on […]

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Body fat distribution linked to higher risk of aggressive prostate cancer

In the first prospective study of directly measured body fat distribution and prostate cancer risk, investigators found that higher levels of abdominal and thigh fat are associated with an increased risk of aggressive prostate cancer. Published early online in Cancer, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the findings may lead to a better understanding of the relationship between […]

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Keep Snapchat out of surgery: the risk for patients and the rest of us

Instagram is not the place we should be looking to for moral cues. This is hardly a controversial or surprising opinion, but it is one Dr Richard Theile felt necessary to spell out, and in no lesser publication than the Australasian Journal of Plastic Surgery. In an eyebrow-raising opinion piece revealed in The Sun-Herald today, the chair of the Australian […]

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Trial finds vitamin D does not prevent type 2 diabetes in people at high risk

Taking a daily vitamin D supplement does not prevent type 2 diabetes in adults at high risk, according to results from a study funded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), part of the National Institutes of Health. The Vitamin D and Type 2 Diabetes (D2d) study enrolled 2,423 adults and was conducted at 22 sites […]

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Anti hypertensive drug use was associated with a decreased dementia risk

Various clinical trials indicate what effects can be expected from standardized intervention programs on the basis of existing evidence. Little is known about the way in which such programs can be implemented in actual care practice. However, it may be possible to use data from clinical practice to estimate the potential of drug prescriptions to delay or reduce the development […]

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Mentally ill at risk of dangerous pregnancy complication

New research by Murdoch University and The University of Western Australia has revealed that women with severe mental illness have a greater chance of developing a serious medical complication during pregnancy. A study published today in the Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology revealed women suffering from schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders were three times more likely […]

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