Simple model captures almost 100 years of measles dynamics in London: Disease dynamics are well predicted despite major disruptions caused by historical events

A simple epidemiological model accurately captures long-term measles transmission dynamics in London, including major perturbations triggered by historical events. Alexander Becker of Princeton University in New Jersey, U.S., and colleagues present these findings in PLOS Computational Biology. Previous studies have extensively explored how disease outbreaks are affected by variations in demography, such as birth rate, and variations in person-to-person contact, […]

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Texas cities increasingly susceptible to large measles outbreaks

The growing number of children arriving at Texas schools unvaccinated makes the state increasingly vulnerable to measles outbreaks in cities large and small, according to a computer simulation created by the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health. The findings, published today in the journal JAMA Network Open, indicate that an additional 5% decrease in vaccination rates, which have […]

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Health research funding lags for Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders

Clinical research funding continues to lag for the U.S. population of Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders, even though the nation’s largest biomedical funding agency has pledged to prioritize research on diverse populations, a new study from Oregon State University shows. “We looked at how this commitment has translated to funding and we found that things really haven’t changed,” […]

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Congo confirms 1st Ebola case in city of Goma

The Congolese Health Ministry is confirming Congo’s first Ebola case in the city of Goma, home to more than 2 million people. The regional capital in eastern Congo borders neighboring Rwanda, which has been preparing for possible cases since an outbreak began nearly a year ago. The person with the confirmed case announced late Sunday is a pastor who had […]

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New evidence links ultra-processed foods with a range of health risks: Policies that limit ultra-processed food intake are urgently needed, say researchers

Two large European studies published by The BMJ today find positive associations between consumption of highly processed (“ultra-processed”) foods and risk of cardiovascular disease and death. The researchers say further work is needed to better understand these effects, and a direct (causal) link remains to be established, but they call for policies that promote consumption of fresh or minimally processed […]

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Congo's Ebola outbreak might be declared global emergency

A top Red Cross official said Friday he’s “more concerned than I have ever been” about the possible regional spread of the Ebola virus in Congo after a recent spike in cases. Emanuele Capobianco spoke by phone ahead of a key World Health Organization meeting in Geneva later Friday about whether to declare the deadly Ebola outbreak in northeastern Congo […]

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Ageism linked to poorer health in older people in England

Ageism may be linked with poorer health in older people in England, according to an observational study of over 7,500 people aged over 50 published in The Lancet Public Health journal. Despite the known prevalence of age discrimination and existing evidence that other forms of discrimination, like racism, are linked to poorer health, this is the first study to examine […]

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International aid helps Mozambique fight cholera in Beira

As Mozambique battles to control a fast-spreading cholera outbreak in the cyclone-hit central city of Beira, international assistance is arriving. The number of cholera cases jumped to 271 over the weekend although no deaths from the disease had been reported. More than 500 people have died in Mozambique from Cyclone Idai , which slammed into Beira more than two weeks […]

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Replacing sitting time with physical activity associated with lower risk of death

For those who get the least amount of physical activity, replacing a half hour of sitting time with physical activity was associated with up to a nearly 50% reduction in mortality, according to a new study from the American Cancer Society. The study, appearing in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, suggests that replacing modest amounts of sitting time with […]

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Opioid crisis: Only a US phenomenon? Prescription opioid use rises in the Nordic countries

Addiction to prescription opioids has reached a crisis level in the United States. Now the drug is causing concern across the Atlantic. Researchers from Denmark, Norway and Sweden urge caution after discovering that prescriptions for the pain medication oxycodone have significantly increased during the last decade. The opioid crisis in the United States shows no sign of abating. On average, […]

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