Charcoal-based drug delivery system improves efficacy of common herpes drug

A study led by researchers from the University of Illinois at Chicago has found that combining acyclovir — a commonly prescribed topical herpes medication — with particles of activated carbon improves efficacy of the drug. This new approach allows for less frequent dosing and overall course of treatment while providing some protection from infection by the virus as well, opening […]

Read more

Newly developed approach shows promise in silencing HIV infection

Researchers from The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston have discovered a new potential medication that works with an HIV-infected person’s own body to further suppress the ever present but silent virus that available HIV treatments are unable to combat. Although the potential new drug could complement the current HIV anti-retroviral therapy (ART) medications, it may also be possible […]

Read more

New compounds could be used to treat autoimmune disorders

The immune system is programmed to rid the body of biological bad guys — like viruses and dangerous bacteria — but its precision isn’t guaranteed. In the tens of millions of Americans suffering from autoimmune diseases, the system mistakes normal cells for malicious invaders, prompting the body to engage in self-destructive behavior. This diverse class of conditions, which includes Type […]

Read more

Ragweed compounds could protect nerve cells from Alzheimer’s

As spring arrives in the northern hemisphere, many people are cursing ragweed, a primary culprit in seasonal allergies. But scientists might have discovered a promising new use for some substances produced by the pesky weed. In ACS’ Journal of Natural Products, researchers have identified and characterized ragweed compounds that could help nerve cells survive in the presence of Alzheimer’s disease […]

Read more

A deep-dive into the impact of arthritis drugs on gene expression: New analytical approach could serve as powerful tool to evaluate and compare treatments

A new computational framework has revealed key differences between four rheumatoid arthritis medications and their impact on biological pathways in mice. Niki Karagianni of Biomedcode Hellas SA, Greece, and colleagues present their new approach and findings in PLOS Computational Biology. People with rheumatoid arthritis often receive medications that target and inhibit Tumor-Necrosis Factor (TNF), a protein involved in the painful […]

Read more

‘NarcoLogic’ computer model shows unintended consequences of cocaine interdiction

Efforts to curtail the flow of cocaine into the United States from South America have made drug trafficking operations more widespread and harder to eradicate, according to new research published this week in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. The National Science Foundation supported the study, which included an Oregon State University geographer and was led by Nicholas Magliocca […]

Read more

Exercise helps prevent cartilage damage caused by arthritis

Exercise helps to prevent the degradation of cartilage caused by osteoarthritis, according to a new study from Queen Mary University of London. The researchers show for the first time how mechanical forces experienced by cells in joints during exercise prevent cartilage degradation by suppressing the action of inflammatory molecules which cause osteoarthritis. The study, published in the journal Osteoarthritis and […]

Read more

TB: Promising new drugs for old pathogen Mtb

Tuberculosis (TB), an ancient and notoriously difficult disease to treat, has killed millions through the course of human history; and the antibiotics that have been used to fight the disease in recent history are becoming less and less effective. In the face of this reality, Dennis Wright, professor of medicinal chemistry in the University of Connecticut’s Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, […]

Read more

Experiments with roundworms suggest alternatives for the treatment of schizophrenia: Researchers used C. elegans as an animal model to investigate the importance of certain human genes for the treatment of schizophrenia.

A group of Brazilian scientists have long conducted experiments with roundworms to investigate the role of schizophrenia-linked genes in patients’ response to antipsychotic drugs. The results obtained thus far point to new ways of understanding resistance to certain classes of medication. The studies are conducted by researchers in the Pharmacology Department of the Federal University of São Paulo’s Medical School […]

Read more

Potential cystic fibrosis treatment uses ‘molecular prosthetic’ for missing lung protein

An approved drug normally used to treat fungal infections could also do the job of a protein channel that is missing in the lungs of people with cystic fibrosis, operating as a prosthesis on the molecular scale, says new research from the University of Illinois and the University of Iowa. Cystic fibrosis is a lifelong disease that makes patients vulnerable […]

Read more
1 2 3