Citizen responder CPR and defibrillation programs may improve survival and outcomes from cardiac arrests

Implementing citizen responder programs to answer calls for out-of-hospital cardiac arrests may increase bystander defibrillation in private homes, according to preliminary research to be presented at the American Heart Association’s Resuscitation Science Symposium 2019—November 16-17 in Philadelphia. Most out-of-hospital cardiac arrests occur in residential areas, where automated external defibrillator (AED) devices are rarely available. Researchers in Denmark evaluated whether dispatching […]

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Retrospective study suggests ED physicians improving both outcomes and efficiency of care

As policymakers focus on improving health care value, there has been increasing attention to Emergency Department (ED) care, which is often thought to be high cost and of variable quality, according to policymakers and health care leaders. Yet despite rising ED costs and efforts to encourage alternative sources of acute care, such as going to an urgent care clinic or […]

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Sports playbook helps doctors predict cancer patient outcomes

In this season of global soccer competitions and hotly contested political primaries, bookies and pundits are scouring every evolving scrap of information and sifting through mountains of data in an effort to predict the outcome of the next game or election. These predictions can change on a dime, however, based on a player’s poor pass or a candidate’s stellar debate […]

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Improved Outcomes Seen With Liver Grafts From Older Donors

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 13, 2019 — From 2003 to 2016, liver graft loss and mortality improved among recipients of liver grafts from older donors, according to a study published online Feb. 13 in JAMA Surgery. Christine E. Haugen, M.D., from the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore, and colleagues conducted a prospective cohort study involving 4,127 liver grafts from […]

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Black women have worse breast cancer outcomes despite receiving similar treatment as white women

Even with equivalent treatments in women with hormone receptor-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer, black women had significantly higher breast cancer recurrence and increased overall mortality compared to white women in a large phase III clinical trial, TAILORx, according to data presented at the 2018 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium, held Dec. 4-8. “Our findings are consistent with prior studies indicating that […]

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Delaying adjuvant chemo associated with worse outcomes for patients with triple-negative breast cancer

Patients with triple-negative breast cancer who delayed starting adjuvant chemotherapy for more than 30 days after surgery were at significantly higher risk for disease recurrence and death compared with those who started the treatment in the first 30 days after surgery, according to a retrospective study presented at the 2018 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium, held Dec. 4-8. “For this […]

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Dad’s Age May Play Role in Pregnancy Outcomes

THURSDAY, Nov. 1, 2018 — More men are delaying fatherhood, and new research suggests that might raise the risk of both birth complications and infant health problems. When new fathers are aged 45 or older, there’s an increased chance of preterm birth, infant seizures and even gestational diabetes in the mother, the study found. “When you think about fertility, don’t […]

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