Cardio-respiratory synchronization may represent a new measure of health and fitness

Observation of extended episodes of one-to-one synchronization between heart rate and breathing rate for athletes suggests their training specifically contributes to an enhanced connection within the nervous system. Researchers from the School of Engineering at the University of Warwick have managed to expand the knowledge of the cardio-respiratory system after conducting an experiment measuring heart rate during fast-paced breathing. Published […]

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CDC assesses burden of eye disorders in adults with diabetes

(HealthDay)—Eye disorders frequently affect adults aged 45 years and older with diagnosed diabetes, and disorders are more common for those with diagnosed diabetes for 10 years or more, according to a July data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics. Amy E. Cha, Ph.D., M.P.H., from the National Center for Health […]

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Data shows flood of opioids across US, many of them generics

The maker of OxyContin has been cast as the chief villain in the nation’s opioid crisis. But newly released government figures suggest Purdue Pharma had plenty of help in flooding the U.S. with billions of pills even as overdose deaths were accelerating. Records kept by the federal Drug Enforcement Administration show that 76 billion oxycodone and hydrocodone pills—the vast majority […]

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Gretchen Rossi Slams Trolls Pressuring Her to Post Pic of Infant Daughter

Back off! Gretchen Rossi stood her ground after being pressured to post a pic of her 1-week-old daughter, Skylar. “I got back on my social today for the first time in six days after having major abdominal surgery and bringing a new life into this world, and I have to say I was not only shocked by some of the […]

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Study shows widespread global implementation of WHO’s ‘Treat All’ HIV recommendation

A new study published in the Journal of the International AIDS Society shows that the World Health Organization’s (WHO) 2015 recommendation for immediate treatment of all people living with HIV has become the standard of care across HIV clinics in countries around the world. While most countries have adopted the WHO’s “Treat All” recommendation, the extent to which these guidelines […]

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Annual mammography screenings aren’t the best option for female survivors of some childhood cancers

Female survivors of childhood cancers who have been treated with thoracic radiation, such as survivors of Hodgkin’s lymphoma (HL), have a higher risk of developing breast cancer later in life compared to the general population. To mitigate this risk, current guidelines in Ontario recommend that female HL survivors undergo annual mammography and MRI screenings starting at age 30, the same […]

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Galcanezumab can cut frequency of cluster headache attacks

Galcanezumab can reduce the frequency of episodic cluster headache attacks, according to a study published in the July 11 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine. Peter J. Goadsby, M.D., Ph.D., from King’s College London, and colleagues enrolled patients who had at least one attack every other day, a total of at least four attacks, or no more than […]

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New evidence shows cytotoxic T cells can identify, invade, and destroy targets of large mass like T. gondii tissue cysts

CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes can kill host cells infected with various microorganisms as well as single individual cancer cells through direct cell-to-cell contact, but their ability to destroy a target of large mass remains unexplored. A study in The American Journal of Pathology provided novel evidence on the capability of the immune system to eliminate large parasite-filled cysts associated with […]

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Mathematical modeling breakthrough for translational research of new CRSD medication

A new mathematical modeling approach has identified major sources of interspecies and inter-individual variations in the clinical efficacy of a clock-modulating drug: photosensitivity and PER2 level. This has enabled precision medicine for circadian disruption. A KAIST mathematics research team led by Professor Jae Kyoung Kim, in collaboration with Pfizer, applied a combination of mathematical modeling and simulation tools for circadian […]

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