Schools, parents and grandparents hold key to unlocking China’s obesity problem

Educating parents and grandparents—as well as improving physical activity and the food provided at school—could hold the key to solving China’s obesity pandemic, according to one of the largest trials of childhood obesity prevention in the world. Over 30 million Chinese children, aged between seven and 18, are overweight or obese—placing them at greater risk of an early death and […]

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Uninfected individuals born to mothers living with HIV at risk of obesity and asthma

Adolescents and young adults who were born to mothers with HIV but remained uninfected themselves still face a greatly heightened risk of obesity and asthma-like symptoms, researchers from Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) have found. In a study published in Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes (JAIDS), the team revealed for the first time that HIV-negative teens and young adults with […]

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Why young females with obesity are at early risk for cardiovascular disease

In the face of obesity, the sex hormone progesterone that helps females get and stay pregnant appears to also put them at increased, early risk for cardiovascular disease, investigators report. Premenopausal women are considered protected from cardiovascular disease, but evidence indicates obesity can negate those benefits, and in fact put them at even higher risk than men, but just how […]

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High-fat diets affect your brain, not just your physical appearance

Much research has pointed to how an unhealthy diet correlates to obesity, but has not explored how diet can bring about neurological changes in the brain. A recent Yale study has discovered that high-fat diets contribute to irregularities in the hypothalamus region of the brain, which regulates body weight homeostasis and metabolism. Led by Sabrina Diano, the Richard Sackler Family […]

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Childhood cholesterol, blood pressure, weight and smoking predict adult heart disease

The first reliable evidence of a link between major cardiovascular risk factors in children — serum cholesterol, blood pressure, body mass index (BMI), and smoking — with cardiovascular disease in adults is presented today at ESC Congress 2019 together with the World Congress of Cardiology. The study highlights the need to lay the foundations for heart health early in life. […]

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The role of a single molecule in obesity: Molecule mimics high-fat diet-induced signaling

A single cholesterol-derived molecule, called 27-hydroxycholesterol (27HC), lurks inside your bloodstream and will increase your body fat, even if you don’t eat a diet filled with red meat and fried food. That kind of diet, however, will increase the levels of 27HC and body weight. “We found 27HC directly affects white adipose (fat) tissue and increases body fat, even without […]

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Overweight, obesity may up early mortality risk in pediatric ALL

(HealthDay)—For Mexican children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), overweight and obesity are predictors of early mortality, according to a study published online July 18 in BMC Cancer. Juan Carlos Núñez-Enríquez, M.D., from the UMAE Hospital de Pediatría in Mexico City, and colleagues conducted a multicenter cohort study involving 1,070 children younger than 15 years old with ALL who were followed […]

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Youth empowerment program can prevent childhood obesity

A first-of-its-kind study had Worcester youths create their own narratives about reducing sugary drink consumption, successfully leading to behavior changes and preventing excess weight gain. A new pilot study led by Boston University School of Public Health (BUSPH) researchers is the first to use youth-produced narratives to empower youth to reduce sugary drink consumption and obesity risk. In the study, […]

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Birthweight, height together provide insight into future heart health

It’s the proportionately of a newborn — a measure that includes both birthweight and length — that may best tell doctors whether a child is born with an increased risk for heart problems later in life, investigators report. Birthweight, while important, tells only part of the story of fetal growth, while the additional consideration of length, gives a more complete […]

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Ultrasound-assisted optical imaging to replace endoscopy in breakthrough discovery

Carnegie Mellon University’s Assistant Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECE) Maysam Chamanzar and ECE Ph.D. student Matteo Giuseppe Scopelliti today published research that introduces a novel technique which uses ultrasound to noninvasively take optical images through a turbid medium such as biological tissue to image body’s organs. This new method has the potential to eliminate the need for invasive […]

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