Overweight, obesity may up early mortality risk in pediatric ALL

(HealthDay)—For Mexican children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), overweight and obesity are predictors of early mortality, according to a study published online July 18 in BMC Cancer. Juan Carlos Núñez-Enríquez, M.D., from the UMAE Hospital de Pediatría in Mexico City, and colleagues conducted a multicenter cohort study involving 1,070 children younger than 15 years old with ALL who were followed […]

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CRISPR baby mutation significantly increases mortality

A genetic mutation that a Chinese scientist attempted to create in twin babies born last year, ostensibly to help them fend off HIV infection, is also associated with a 21% increase in mortality in later life, according to an analysis by University of California, Berkeley, scientists. The researchers scanned more than 400,000 genomes and associated health records contained in a […]

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When doctors and nurses can disclose and discuss errors, hospital mortality rates decline

The diffusion of a culture of openness in hospitals is associated with lower hospital mortality, according to a study conducted among 137 acute trusts in England by Veronica Toffolutti (Bocconi University and London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine) and David Stuckler (Bocconi University) published in Health Affairs. Hospital openness, defined as an environment in which staff freely speak up […]

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The 2008 recession associated with greater decline in mortality in Europe

In recent decades, Europe has experienced a downward trend in the annual number of deaths. Not only was this trend not arrested by the economic recession that started in 2008, the rate of decline increased during the recession years. This acceleration is evidenced by the results of a study published in Nature Communications and led by the Barcelona Institute for […]

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Benzodiazepines may decrease mortality in congestive heart failure

A study published in the current issue of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics indicates that treatment of anxiety with benzodiazepines may improve survival in congestive heart failure. Depression (in various forms and as various entities) is usually the main focus of research and treatment among psychiatric comorbidities in CVD patients. Anxiety has usually been lumped together with depression as a risk factor […]

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Pediatric Mortality Rate From Opioid Poisoning Rose 1999 to 2016

THURSDAY, Jan. 3, 2019 — From 1999 to 2016, there was close to a threefold increase in the pediatric mortality rate from opioid poisonings in the United States, according to a study published online Dec. 28 in JAMA Network Open. Julie R. Gaither, Ph.D., M.P.H., R.N., from the Yale School of Medicine in New Haven, Connecticut, and colleagues examined national […]

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Skin Autofluorescence Predicts T2DM, Heart Disease, Mortality

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 5, 2018 — Skin autofluorescence predicts incident type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease (CVD), and mortality in the general population, according to a study published online Nov. 21 in Diabetologia. Robert P. van Waateringe, from the University of Groningen in the Netherlands, and colleagues conducted a prospective analysis involving 72,880 participants from the Dutch Lifelines Cohort Study who had […]

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Skin autofluorescence predicts T2DM, heart disease, mortality

(HealthDay)—Skin autofluorescence predicts incident type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease (CVD), and mortality in the general population, according to a study published online Nov. 21 in Diabetologia. Robert P. van Waateringe, from the University of Groningen in the Netherlands, and colleagues conducted a prospective analysis involving 72,880 participants from the Dutch Lifelines Cohort Study who had validated baseline skin autofluorescence values […]

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