H. pylori treatment may reduce gastric cancer incidence, death

(HealthDay)—Helicobacter pylori treatment, vitamin supplementation, and garlic supplementation are associated with a reduced risk for gastric cancer mortality, according to a study published online Sept. 11 in The BMJ. Wen-Qing Li, from Peking University Cancer Hospital and Institute in Beijing, and colleagues randomly assigned 2,258 residents of a high-risk region for gastric cancer who were seropositive for antibodies to H. […]

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Microbiota in home indoor air may protect children from asthma

Large amounts of a certain type of bacteria, most likely from outdoors, may reduce the child’s risk of developing asthma. This was shown by a new study by the Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare (THL) that analyzed the microbiota of over 400 Finnish homes. However, the study was unable to identify individual bacterial taxa that provide protection against asthma. […]

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Changes to rectus muscles from pregnancy may impact abdominoplasty

(HealthDay)—Pregnancy alters the shape of the rectus abdominis muscle, which may in turn affect abdominoplasty outcomes, according to a study published in the August issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Lindsay E. Janes, M.D., from the Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine in Chicago, and colleagues used the Northwestern Enterprise Data Warehouse to identify women (aged 18 to 45 years) […]

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Rapamycin may reduce accumulation of a toxic β-thalassemia protein

Rapamycin, a drug widely used to protect organ transplant patients, eased symptoms of β-thalassemia in mice and showed promise for treatment of humans with the inherited disorder, researchers reported. St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital investigators led the study, which appears online today in the journal Science Translational Medicine. Researchers showed that rapamycin worked by activating a protein quality-control pathway—the autophagy […]

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Gene protective against fruit fly heat-induced seizures may explain some human seizures

Researchers identified a gene in fruit flies that helps prevent the hyperexcitability of specific neurons that trigger seizures. In humans, mutations in the gene may be linked to seizures associated with Long QT Syndrome. A research team led by Yehuda Ben-Shahar of Washington University in St. Louis report these findings in a paper published 8th August in PLOS Genetics. The […]

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Overweight, obesity may up early mortality risk in pediatric ALL

(HealthDay)—For Mexican children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), overweight and obesity are predictors of early mortality, according to a study published online July 18 in BMC Cancer. Juan Carlos Núñez-Enríquez, M.D., from the UMAE Hospital de Pediatría in Mexico City, and colleagues conducted a multicenter cohort study involving 1,070 children younger than 15 years old with ALL who were followed […]

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Perception disorders may throw those affected off balance

Many patients with functional dizziness look back on a long odyssey to numerous doctors, because no organic causes could be found. Now for the first time, an experiment at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has identified possible causes of the disorder: problems with the processing of sensory-motor signals in the brain that resemble those associated with dizziness due to […]

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UK tick-borne Lyme disease cases may be three times higher than previous estimates

New cases of tick-borne Lyme disease in the UK may be three times higher than previous estimates suggest, and might top 8000 in 2019, based on these figures, concludes research published in the online journal BMJ Open. Lyme disease is a bacterial (Borrelia) infection passed on through the bite of an infected tick. It has become the most common tick-borne […]

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Cardio-respiratory synchronization may represent a new measure of health and fitness

Observation of extended episodes of one-to-one synchronization between heart rate and breathing rate for athletes suggests their training specifically contributes to an enhanced connection within the nervous system. Researchers from the School of Engineering at the University of Warwick have managed to expand the knowledge of the cardio-respiratory system after conducting an experiment measuring heart rate during fast-paced breathing. Published […]

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Diet quality may affect risk of frailty in older adults

Poorer overall diet quality was linked with an increased risk of becoming frail in a study of U.S. community-dwelling older adults, published in the Journal of the American Geriatric Society. The quality of the overall diet appeared to be more important than protein intake for a lower risk of frailty. During 4 years of follow-up, 277 of the 2154 participants—who […]

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