These bacteria may be the key to treating clinical depression

We like to think of ourselves as individuals. But scientists estimate that we share our bodies with 38 trillion organisms that play an integral part in keeping us healthy and making us who we are. They crawl across our skin, cling to our intestines, and generally call our bodies home. Now, a study led by researchers at Northeastern shows that […]

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Study reveals gut microbes may help protect people having a bone marrow transplant

Researchers at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSK) reported results from a new study that looks at the likelihood of complications for people undergoing bone marrow transplants (BMTs). The observational study found that people with lower gut microbiota diversity before having a transplant appear to be at higher risk for developing complications. These findings further support evidence that the connection […]

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Low-dose aspirin may help fight MS, mouse study hints

Although the findings are so far only in mice, studies suggest that aspirin—even the “low-dose” variety—might help counter multiple sclerosis. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disorder where aberrant immune system T-cells attack and destroy the protective myelin protein sheath that coats nerves. This causes gradual debilitation for the more than 2.3 million people worldwide affected by the disease. “Prior […]

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Common tactics for health promotion at work may be detrimental to employees with obesity

Workplace health promotion programs that encourage employees to take responsibility for their own weight may have detrimental effects for employees with obesity, reveals a new study. These range from feeling increasingly responsible for their weight but perceiving they have less control over it, to increased workplace weight stigma and discrimination. Ironically, these effects could even lead to increased obesity and […]

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Meditation and music may alter blood markers of cellular aging and Alzheimer’s disease

A research team led by Dr. Kim Innes, a professor in the West Virginia University School of Public Health, has found that a simple meditation or music listening program may alter certain biomarkers of cellular aging and Alzheimer’s Disease in older adults who are experiencing memory loss. Study findings, reported in the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease, also suggest these changes […]

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Sleep deprivation may cause dehydration

Sleep deprivation has a wide range of adverse effects on a person’s health. Not only does insufficient sleep impair attention and judgment, but prolonged sleep deprivation raises the risk of type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity, and respiratory disease. More recently, some studies have found that sleeplessness increases the risk of kidney disease and premature death. The kidneys play […]

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Mandibular movement monitoring may help improve oral sleep apnea devices

While continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) continues to be the gold standard for treatment of sleep apnea, the cumbersome machines are often not well tolerated by patients. Because of this, less obtrusive oral appliances that thrust the jaw forward during sleep are becoming more popular. Mandibular protrusion enlarges the pharynx and stabilizes the upper airway. A new study in CHEST […]

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Cocaine adulterant may cause brain damage

People who regularly take cocaine cut with the animal anti-worming agent levamisole demonstrate impaired cognitive performance and a thinned prefrontal cortex. These findings from two recent studies at the University of Zurich indicate that levamisole could have a toxic effect on the brain. Drug-checking programs should therefore be expanded, argue the researchers. Cocaine is the second-most commonly consumed illegal substance […]

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Dad’s Age May Play Role in Pregnancy Outcomes

THURSDAY, Nov. 1, 2018 — More men are delaying fatherhood, and new research suggests that might raise the risk of both birth complications and infant health problems. When new fathers are aged 45 or older, there’s an increased chance of preterm birth, infant seizures and even gestational diabetes in the mother, the study found. “When you think about fertility, don’t […]

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