‘Test and Treat’ reduces new HIV infections by a third in southern Africa communities

New HIV infections in southern Africa could be reduced substantially by offering entire communities voluntary HIV testing, and immediately referring those who test positive for HIV treatment in line with local guidelines, according to new research presented at the Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI) in Seattle, USA today. The HPTN071 (PopART) trial found that new HIV infections were […]

Read more

The threat of ticks Invasion in 2019: scientists warn more and more against dangerous infectious diseases

2018 was a record year for tick – 2019 could be worse In the year 2018, the highest number of ticks was seen, which was ever documented in Germany – a record-breaking year for ticks. Experts predict that this record could be broken this year again. In addition to the strikingly high number of young animals (nymphs) is also the […]

Read more

Bacterial immunity and infectious disease

Patients with cystic fibrosis are often infected by pseudomonas aeruginosa, a bacterium that infects the lungs and prevents breathing, often causing death. P. aeruginosa itself can also be infected by viruses, which can affect the clinical outcomes of cystic fibrosis patients. “Just like humans get infected by bacteria, the bacteria get infected by viruses,” said Rachel Whitaker, a professor of […]

Read more

Chlamydia attacks with Frankenstein protein: The bacterium remodels human cells for its own nefarious purposes

When Chlamydia trachomatis, the bacterium that causes one of the most common sexually transmitted infections worldwide, infects a human cell, it hijacks parts of the host to build protective layers around itself. Inside this makeshift fortress, the bug grows and reproduces, eventually bursting out in search of a new target and killing the host cell. While scientists have known for […]

Read more

Muslim concern about vaccine fuels Thai measles outbreak

Health authorities in Thailand are racing to contain a measles outbreak in the country’s southern provinces, where 14 deaths and more than 1,500 cases have been reported since September. Officials blame the comeback of the disease on low vaccination rates in the south caused by misconceptions among the Muslim population about the nature of the vaccine. Islam prohibits the consumption […]

Read more

Zika circulates among wild animals in the Americas, making eradication nearly impossible

A collaborative group of researchers from The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston and the Faculty of Medicine of Sao Jose do Rio in Brazil is the first to report that wild monkeys in the Americas are transmitting the Zika virus to humans via mosquitoes, making complete eradication of the virus in the Americas very unlikely. The paper is […]

Read more

Showerhead bacteria and lung infections: Researchers find correlation

Researchers from the University of Colorado, Boulder have now shown that the regions in the United States where pathogenic mycobacteria are most prevalent in showerheads are the same regions where nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) lung infections are most common. The study, published in the journal, mBio, emphasizes the important role of showerheads in the transmission of NTM infections. Bacteria thrive in […]

Read more