New discovery on the activity and function of MAIT cells during acute HIV infection

In a new study published in Nature Communications, researchers at Karolinska Institutet show that mucosa-associated invariant T cells (MAIT cells) of the human immune system respond with dynamic activity and reprogramming of gene expression during the initial phase of HIV infection. The study fills a knowledge gap, as previously, the function of MAIT cells during this particular phase was not […]

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New Yorkers are initiating treatment earlier after HIV infection, study shows

The most effective way to reduce HIV-related deaths and prevent onward transmission is to diagnose and treat all persons as soon as possible after HIV infection. According to a study published in Clinical Infectious Diseases, New Yorkers living with HIV are being treated sooner after infection. The time to treatment initiation was reduced in tandem with expanded HIV testing and […]

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Taking antibiotics: Six mistakes that you should avoid

Antibiotics are a blessing – on the one hand. Since the discovery of the drug Penicillin in 1928, diseases that were previously often fatal, curable: lung inflammation or severe bacterial infections. Today, there are a variety of substances that act in different ways. Some kill bacteria, while others inhibit their growth. In this way, they support the immune system of […]

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NHS to trial Group B Strep infection screening in pregnant women

NHS to trial Group B Strep infection screening in pregnant women in a bid to protect newborns from deadly illnesses including pneumonia and sepsis A £2.8million study will compare the ECM test and ‘bedside test’ Currently, there is no routine screening for GBS, which is in one in five women But cases have risen by almost a third in 20 […]

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First comprehensive structural data on a key flu protein—it’s central to infection

Influenza A viruses spawn epidemics, global pandemics and sweeping outbreaks that kill millions of birds, yet only now have flu scientists obtained comprehensive, high-resolution structural data on a protein that is key to the very survival of an influenza virus. The highlighted protein is RNA polymerase, which transcribes and replicates the viral genome in the nucleus of host cells. Dr. […]

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Researchers identify barriers to fungal infection diagnosis

There are several barriers that prevent the consistent use of fungal diagnostic preparations to correctly identify cutaneous fungal infections, according to a survey from a team at the George Washington University (GW). The study is published in the Journal of Drugs in Dermatology. Cutaneous fungal infections account for between 3.5 and 6.5 million dermatologist office visits per year. Despite their […]

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Scientists pinpoint new mechanism that impacts HIV infection

A team of scientists led by Texas Biomed’s Assistant Professor Smita Kulkarni, Ph.D. and Mary Carrington, Ph.D., at the Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research, published results of a study that pinpointed a long noncoding RNA molecule which influences a key receptor involved in HIV infection and progression of the disease. This newly-identified mechanism could open up a new avenue […]

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How to tell if your upset stomach is a viral infection

An upset stomach can be a result of many things. When symptoms include vomiting, diarrhea and fever, chances are it’s a viral infection. “A viral gastroenteritis, which we sometimes call ‘a stomach bug’ or ‘a stomach flu,” is a common reason for having an acute onset of vomiting and diarrhea, and sometimes with fever,” says Dr. Tina Ardon, a Mayo […]

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Florida woman dies after contracting flesh-eating bacteria infection at beach, family says

Woman dies after allegedly contracting flesh-eating bacteria at a Florida beach Florida woman dies after falling into the ocean and suffering a cut which allegedly led to necrotizing fasciitis. A family’s trip to the beach ended in tragedy after their 77-year-old grandmother fell into a small hole in the water and cut her leg, providing an opening for a deadly flesh-eating […]

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Flesh-Eating Bacteria on New Jersey Beaches Linked to Horrifying Deadly Infection

You’ve probably heard of flesh-eating bacteria, which can cause a deadly infection called necrotizing fasciitis. The technical term for this flesh-eating bacteria is Vibrio vulnificus, or V. vulnificus and there are two ways you can be exposed to it: By coming into contact with it in the water or by eating seafood that’s been contaminated with it. Up until very […]

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