Citizen responder CPR and defibrillation programs may improve survival and outcomes from cardiac arrests

Implementing citizen responder programs to answer calls for out-of-hospital cardiac arrests may increase bystander defibrillation in private homes, according to preliminary research to be presented at the American Heart Association’s Resuscitation Science Symposium 2019—November 16-17 in Philadelphia. Most out-of-hospital cardiac arrests occur in residential areas, where automated external defibrillator (AED) devices are rarely available. Researchers in Denmark evaluated whether dispatching […]

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Stable home lives improve prospects for preemies

As they grow and develop, children who were born at least 10 weeks before their due dates are at risk for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum disorder and anxiety disorders. They also have a higher risk than children who were full-term babies for other neurodevelopmental issues, including cognitive problems, language difficulties and motor delays. Researchers at Washington University School of […]

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For dying patients, early plans can improve quality of life

Careful documentation of a hospice patient’s end-of-life wishes—and prominently noting that information in health records early—could prevent unwanted hospitalizations and medical interventions, a new study suggests. Researchers at The Ohio State University analyzed the health records of 1,185 cancer patients who had been referred to hospice and found that a verified do-not-resuscitate order, or DNR, before the last 30 days […]

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A big neck may mean you need to improve your health

Neck circumference predicts a deadly cluster of cardiovascular risk factors, according to research presented at the Asian Pacific Society of Cardiology Congress (APSC) 2019. The congress takes place 22 to 26 May in Pasay City and is organised by the Philippine Heart Association. The European Society of Cardiology (ESC) and APSC are holding joint scientific sessions as part of the […]

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Why playing board games could improve your love life

A recent study from Baylor University in Waco, TX, has revealed that romantic partners release oxytocin, the so-called love or hugging hormone, when they spend time together in these recreational activities. What most surprised the researchers, however, was that the highest rise in hormone levels occurred in men who attended the painting class. The rise in oxytocin in the paintbrush-wielding […]

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Researchers design algorithms to improve detection of early cognitive impairment

Researchers at the Pharmacy and Mathematics departments of the CEU UCH University in Valencia have collaborated on the design of two artificial intelligence algorithms that improve the screening of positive cases in the early detection of cognitive impairment in chemists. These algorithms also make it possible to identify the main risk factors of developing some type of dementia in the […]

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A major new report has developed a global diet that could improve health and reduce further damage to the planet

An international team of researchers, including academics from City, University of London, has developed a new diet it says can improve health while ensuring sustainable food production. The EAT-Lancet Commission provides the first scientific targets for a healthy diet from a sustainable food production system that operates within planetary boundaries for food. The report sets out a ‘planetary health diet’ […]

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Antihypertension drug losartan may improve treatment of ovarian cancer

A new study from a Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) research team has found that the hypertension drug losartan, which targets the angiotensin signaling pathway, may improve the effectiveness of chemotherapy agents used to treat ovarian cancer. Previous research from the same team identified a similar effect for losartan in animal models of breast and pancreatic cancer, leading to a phase […]

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Mandibular movement monitoring may help improve oral sleep apnea devices

While continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) continues to be the gold standard for treatment of sleep apnea, the cumbersome machines are often not well tolerated by patients. Because of this, less obtrusive oral appliances that thrust the jaw forward during sleep are becoming more popular. Mandibular protrusion enlarges the pharynx and stabilizes the upper airway. A new study in CHEST […]

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Novel technique can potentially improve success of ovarian cancer treatment, study reveals

Novel Technique Can Potentially Improve Success of Ovarian Cancer Treatment, Study Reveals Instead of destroying a tumour’s blood supply, a first-ever University of Guelph study has proven that opening up the vessels is potentially more effective when it comes to fighting ovarian cancer. This is because open vessels provide a clear pathway for treatment to attack the tumour. “There hasn’t […]

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