New study identifies potential path forward for brachial plexus injury recovery

On average, an estimated three out of every 1,000 newborns will suffer a brachial plexus injury during birth, damaging the bundle of nerves that connect the brain and spinal cord to the shoulders, arms and hands. In the most traumatic cases, even with surgery and physical therapy as an infant, there is no treatment that can guarantee a full recovery. […]

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Study identifies role of specific gene in hardening of blood vessel walls

Arterial wall calcification is the buildup of calcium in the blood vessel walls, which can often be a predictor of serious cardiovascular events like heart attacks and strokes. Scientists have long pointed to family history as one possible cause for this hardening of the arteries, but a new study published in Nature Genetics implicates a specific gene—HDAC9—in the calcification of […]

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AI identifies risk of cholesterol-raising genetic disease, study finds

A new algorithm can determine whether a patient is likely to have a cholesterol-raising genetic disease that can cause early, and sometimes fatal, heart problems, reports a new study conducted by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine and their collaborators. The disease, known as familial hypercholesterolemia, is often misdiagnosed as garden-variety high cholesterol. “We think that less than […]

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Scientist identifies gene responsible for spread of prostate cancer

A Rutgers study has found that a specific gene in cancerous prostate tumors indicates when patients are at high-risk for the cancer to spread, suggesting that targeting this gene can help patients live longer. The study, which was published in the journal Nature Communications, identified the NSD2 gene through a computer algorithm developed to determine which cancer genes that spread […]

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Research team identifies a new genetic variant associated with acute respiratory distress

An international collaboration including Javier Belda, professor of surgery at the University of Valencia, has reported a new genetic variant associated with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The work, with a sample of more than 2,000 patients, has been published in the Intensive Care Medicine Experimental journal. ARDS is one of the main causes of mortality in adults admitted to […]

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Team identifies new brain region that suppresses fear

A study conducted at Texas A&M University has identified a new area in the brain involved in inhibiting fear, a discovery that holds potential for clinical interventions in patients with psychiatric diseases such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The article was published in Nature Communications on Oct. 30. Dr. Stephen Maren, University Distinguished Professor of psychological and brain sciences and […]

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