HIV in Kenya: High risk groups aren’t getting the attention they need

Efforts to manage the HIV epidemic in much of sub-Saharan Africa need to specifically target sections of the population that are most vulnerable to HIV infection. Two such key populations include men who have sex with men and transgender women. But in many countries on the continent same sex relationships—and transgender identities—are criminalised. Kenya is one such country where the […]

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Researchers call for the term ‘high functioning autism’ to be consigned to history

Autism researchers from the Telethon Kids Institute have called for the term “high functioning autism” to be abandoned because of the misleading and potentially harmful expectations it creates around the abilities of children on the autism spectrum. In research published in the journal Autism, a team led by Gail Alvares, from Telethon Kids and The University of Western Australia, notes […]

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Trial finds vitamin D does not prevent type 2 diabetes in people at high risk

Taking a daily vitamin D supplement does not prevent type 2 diabetes in adults at high risk, according to results from a study funded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), part of the National Institutes of Health. The Vitamin D and Type 2 Diabetes (D2d) study enrolled 2,423 adults and was conducted at 22 sites […]

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Number of women who aren’t physically active enough is high and growing

Using data from a national survey representing more than 19 million U.S. women with established cardiovascular disease, Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers say that more than half of women with the condition do not do enough physical activity and those numbers have grown over the last decade. These results imply that targeted counseling to exercise more could reduce risk of cardiovascular […]

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Adults at high risk for HIV infection have low rates of vaccination against human papillomavirus

Adults who are at high risk of becoming infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which causes AIDS, were less likely than the general population to be vaccinated against human papillomavirus (HPV), which can cause anal and cervical cancer, according to results presented at the AACR Annual Meeting 2019, held in Atlanta March 29-April 3. HPV infection is common, and […]

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Diabetics more likely to experience high blood sugar after joint surgery

People with diabetes who undergo joint replacement surgery are at sharply higher risk of experiencing elevated blood sugar after the operation, increasing their chances of developing infections and other complications, according to a new study by researchers at Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) in New York City and The Ochsner Health System in New Orleans. Previous studies have shown that […]

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Smoking, high blood pressure, diabetes and obesity each linked to unhealthy brains

Factors that influence the health of our blood vessels, such as smoking, high blood and pulse pressures, obesity and diabetes, are linked to less healthy brains, according to research published in the European Heart Journal today. The study examined the associations between seven vascular risk factors and differences in the structures of parts of the brain. The strongest links were […]

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Confusing and high bills for cancer patients add to anxiety and suffering

Weeks after my father passed away from cancer in 2010, my newly widowed mother received a bill for US$11,000. Insurance retroactively denied a submitted claim for one of his last chemotherapy treatments, claiming it was “experimental.” All of the prior identical chemotherapy treatments he had received had been covered, and the doctors had received pre-authorization for the treatment. Was it […]

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