Adults at high risk for HIV infection have low rates of vaccination against human papillomavirus

Adults who are at high risk of becoming infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which causes AIDS, were less likely than the general population to be vaccinated against human papillomavirus (HPV), which can cause anal and cervical cancer, according to results presented at the AACR Annual Meeting 2019, held in Atlanta March 29-April 3. HPV infection is common, and […]

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Do essential oils have any healing benefits, or are they just a fad?

Using the essential oils of plants and flowers to improve one's health or mood has been practised since ancient Egyptian times. But aromatherapy, as we now call it, is currently having a boom. Hundreds of thousands of Australians are buying and using these botanic compounds in a bid to improve health and wellbeing. Vara Maranda, who has practised and taught […]

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A new battle: Veterans more likely to have heart disease

After the war is over, veterans face a new threat. They are more likely to have heart disease at a younger age than nonveterans, and this could herald a new health crisis on the horizon. These results are published in a new University of Central Florida study appearing in the Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine. “I think […]

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Unwanted unacceptable thoughts—most people have them and we should talk about them

Imagine you’re lying in bed when a sack of cocaine falls from a plane, crashes through your roof and lands next to you. You call the police who come round and arrest you for possession. This would be ridiculous. You are not responsible for things that fall into your house. Now imagine you’re lying in bed when murderous, violently sexual […]

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General anesthesia is unlikely to have lasting effects on the developing brains of young children: study

A single hour of general anaesthesia in early infancy—longer than is necessary to perform the most common types of minor surgeries in childhood—does not result in measurable neurodevelopmental or behavioural problems up to the age of 5 years, according to the first randomised trial of its kind involving 722 infants in seven countries, published in The Lancet. The trial provides […]

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Up to 15 percent of children have sleep apnea, yet 90 percent go undiagnosed

Children are grossly underdiagnosed for sleep disordered breathing (SDB), which includes obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and the symptoms may be wrongly attributed to behavior issues, according to research in the Journal of the American Osteopathic Association. Sleep apnea and related conditions can cause lasting damage to brain development during crucial years. As a result, children with undiagnosed SDB have been […]

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Do we have an epidemic? Enhancing disease surveillance using a health information exchange

How do public health officials know if there is a disease outbreak and where that outbreak has occurred? Surveillance is the cornerstone of public health practice, yet while disease surveillance has shifted toward greater use of electronically transmitted information to decrease the reporting burden on physicians, the challenge of getting the right information to public health officials at the right […]

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Number of suicide deaths have risen globally to over 800,000 in 2016

The total number of deaths from suicide increased by 6.7% globally between 1990 and 2016 to 817,000 deaths in 2016, finds a study published by The BMJ today. However, when adjusted for age, the global mortality rate from suicide decreased by almost a third (33%) worldwide over the same period. In general, the findings show that men had higher mortality […]

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Many EDs Do Not Have Pediatric Area, Emergency Care Coordinator

FRIDAY, Dec. 28, 2018 — Many emergency departments do not have a pediatric area or pediatric emergency care coordinator (PECC), but an intervention can increase use of PECCs, according to three studies published in the December issue of Academic Emergency Medicine. Alexandra Camargo, from Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston, and colleagues surveyed all 5,273 U.S. emergency departments to characterize emergency […]

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