Gut microbiome composition could make diarrhea less likely

Antibiotics are known to upset the balance of bacteria in the intestinal tract. In some cases, antibiotics can cause the bacterium Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) to overgrow wildly, causing diarrhea and, in severe cases, life-threatening intestinal inflammation. Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have found the molecular signature of a healthy gut microbial community, or microbiome—the […]

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Researchers find fecal marker could help diagnose early signs of chronic gut conditions

Small molecules found in fecal matter could provide clues to the early inflammation found in chronic gut conditions, such as intestinal bowel disease (IBD), and serve as new biomarkers for diagnosis, according to a study led by the Institute for Biomedical Sciences at Georgia State University. The researchers found that fecal miRNA, small nucleic acid sequences, could be used as […]

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Gut microbes associated with temperament traits in children

Scientists in the FinnBrain research project of the University of Turku discovered that the gut microbes of a 2.5-month-old infant are associated with the temperament traits manifested at six months of age. Temperament describes individual differences in expressing and regulating emotions in infants, and the study provides new information on the association between behaviour and microbes. A corresponding study has […]

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Bacterial chemical ‘signatures’ a sign of damaged gut microbiome in critical illness

Chemicals produced by healthy bacteria could be used to assess the health of the gut microbiome and help identify critically-ill children at greatest risk of organ failure, a study published in Critical Care Medicine has found. The gut microbiome is a trillions-strong community of healthy bacteria that live inside us. They make important contributions to our health, including fermenting the […]

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Could boosting the gut microbiome be the secret to healthier older age?

Faecal transplants from young to aged mice can stimulate the gut microbiome and revive the gut immune system, a study by immunologists at the Babraham Institute, Cambridge, has shown. The research is published in the journal Nature Communications today. The gut is one of the organs that is most severely affected by ageing and age-dependent changes to the human gut […]

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Could costly ‘activated’ nuts be better for your gut?

Could costly ‘activated’ nuts be better for your gut? Manufacturers are now selling processed varieties which help your body absorb nutrients better Process starts by soaking raw nuts in salted water, then drying them in an oven  Begins germination process and releases enzymes that break down phytic acid Priya Tew, a dietitian based in Southampton, says benefits would be marginal e-mail […]

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Cancer tumours in the gut feed off sugary drinks, new study shows

Cancer tumours in the gut feed off sugary drinks, new study shows Sugar may help fuel cancer by speeding up the growth of tumours in the body  Mice consuming high-fructose corn syrup saw intestinal tumours grow faster Amount is equivalent of people drinking about 12 ounces of a sugary drink a day  e-mail 10 View comments Sugar could be fuelling […]

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Gut microbiota helps to maintain core body temperature under cold exposure

The gut microbiome has been shown to have diverse impacts on human and animal physiology and health. Now, a research group led by Prof. John R. Speakman from the Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, has revealed the important role of gut microbiota in thermoregulation—the way animals respond to cold exposure. During cold exposure, it is […]

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Dietary factors affecting gut microbiome may influence response to immunotherapy in melanoma patients

Among melanoma patients treated with anti-PD-1 immunotherapy, consumption of a high-fiber diet was associated with higher gut microbiome diversity and better response to treatment, according to data presented during a media preview of the AACR Annual Meeting 2019, to be held March 29-April 3 in Atlanta. “We found that diet and supplements appear to have an effect on a patient’s […]

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