Trial finds vitamin D does not prevent type 2 diabetes in people at high risk

Taking a daily vitamin D supplement does not prevent type 2 diabetes in adults at high risk, according to results from a study funded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), part of the National Institutes of Health. The Vitamin D and Type 2 Diabetes (D2d) study enrolled 2,423 adults and was conducted at 22 sites […]

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Study finds higher risk of stroke-linked plaque in men, possible test for women

Men are more likely than women to develop unstable plaques in their neck arteries, a dangerous condition that can lead to strokes, according to new research that also identified a helpful warning sign for rupture-prone plaques in women. The preliminary study, presented Thursday at the American Heart Association’s Vascular Discovery Scientific Sessions, sought to identify sex-specific markers of plaque instability […]

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Psychological abuse is most common form of maltreatment experienced by national team athletes, study finds

The most common form of maltreatment experienced by athletes is psychological abuse, followed by neglect, a new study from the University of Toronto’s Faculty of Kinesiology & Physical Education has found. The findings are the result of a survey to determine the prevalence of maltreatment among current and former national team athletes, conducted in partnership with AthletesCan and with support […]

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AI identifies risk of cholesterol-raising genetic disease, study finds

A new algorithm can determine whether a patient is likely to have a cholesterol-raising genetic disease that can cause early, and sometimes fatal, heart problems, reports a new study conducted by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine and their collaborators. The disease, known as familial hypercholesterolemia, is often misdiagnosed as garden-variety high cholesterol. “We think that less than […]

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Delusions may stem from sticky beliefs, study finds

Delusions are one of the most common symptoms of psychosis, but little is known about what causes them. A new study from researchers at Columbia University and New York State Psychiatric Institute offers insight into the development of delusions, which could lead to better treatments for people with psychosis. The findings were published in Brain. An estimated 80-90 percent of […]

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Study finds test of protein levels in the eye a potential predictor of (future) Alzheimer’s disease

Low levels of amyloid-β and tau proteins, biomarkers of Alzheimer’s disease (AD), in eye fluid were significantly associated with low cognitive scores, according to a new study published in the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease. Led by researchers at Boston Medical Center, the study is the first to connect these known AD protein biomarkers in the eye to mental status. These […]

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Women scientists get less federal funding than men, new study finds

First-time women principal investigator scientists received considerably less funding from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) compared to first-time male principal investigators, even at top research institutions, reports a new study from Northwestern Medicine and the Kellogg School of Management. Previous research showed women receive lower startup funds from their universities to launch their research. This is the first study […]

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No link between autism and measles vaccine, even for 'at risk' kids, study finds

Measles: What to know What to know about Measles. Children who receive the measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine are not at increased risk for autism, and that includes children who are sometimes considered to be in "high risk" groups for the neurodevelopmental disorder, a massive new study finds. The new study, published March 4 in the journal Annals of Internal […]

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Pregnant Women Should Delay Gallbladder Surgery, Study Finds

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 20, 2019 — Expectant mothers are susceptible to developing gallstones, but gallbladder removal surgery during pregnancy can be risky, researchers say. In a new study, researchers found that women who had their gallbladder removed during pregnancy were more likely to have a longer hospital stay and be readmitted within a month. These women were also more likely to […]

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Pregnant women facing weight stigma see decreased physical and mental health, study finds

In one of the first research studies focused on the impact of weight stigma in pregnant and postpartum women, a team led by a Worcester Polytechnic Institute professor found that women who experience weight stigma during pregnancy and early postpartum often show increased depressive symptoms, greater weight gain during pregnancy, and weight retention after their baby is born. During pregnancy, […]

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