Social risk factors and readmission penalties

New research shows that U.S. safety net hospitals could benefit substantially from a new model that accounts for social risk factors like poverty and living in a disadvantaged neighborhood in determining how the federal government penalizes hospitals financially for their readmission rates. Researchers say their risk adjustment model could reduce the financial penalty for at least half of all safety […]

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Scientists identify genetic factors that may cause some people to become obese

Obesity is a major public-health problem in the United States and around the world, with an estimated 650 million people suffering from the condition. One of the biggest challenges of this ever-worsening condition is figuring out why people become obese in the first place, and why some people are more vulnerable to obesity than others. Now, scientists at The Rockefeller […]

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Risk factors ID’d for site infection after orthopedic surgery in seniors

(HealthDay)—Five risk factors are independently associated with surgical site infection among geriatric patients undergoing elective orthopedic surgery, according to a study published online Feb. 20 in the International Wound Journal. Zhiquan Liang, from the First Hospital of Jilin University in Changchun, China, and colleagues retrospectively reviewed medical records (January 2014 through September 2017) for 4,818 patients ≥60 years old undergoing […]

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Dietary factors affecting gut microbiome may influence response to immunotherapy in melanoma patients

Among melanoma patients treated with anti-PD-1 immunotherapy, consumption of a high-fiber diet was associated with higher gut microbiome diversity and better response to treatment, according to data presented during a media preview of the AACR Annual Meeting 2019, to be held March 29-April 3 in Atlanta. “We found that diet and supplements appear to have an effect on a patient’s […]

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Risk factors identified for late recurrence of liver cancer

(HealthDay)—Late recurrence after hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) resection is associated with sex, cirrhosis, and several aggressive tumor characteristics of the initial HCC, according to a study recently published in JAMA Surgery. Xin-Fei Xu, M.D., from Second Military Medical University in Shanghai, and colleagues examined risk factors, patterns, and outcomes of late recurrence (more than two years) after curative liver resection for […]

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Researchers identify factors behind inflammation in immunodeficiency patients

Oregon State University researchers have discovered two key factors behind the intestinal inflammation that plagues people suffering from a disorder that affects their immune system. The findings, published in Clinical Immunology, are important because common variable immunodeficiency, known as CVID, afflicts hundreds of thousands of people worldwide. A significant proportion of them will have potentially life-threatening intestinal problems that include […]

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