Training for Title IX investigators lacks tested, effective techniques

Interviews are the central component of any Title IX investigation, but new research finds the techniques investigators are using may not be the most effective. Iowa State University researchers Christian Meissner and Adrienne Lyles evaluated the available training programs for investigators and identified techniques and suggested practices at odds with science-based interviewing strategies. Lyles, associate director of Equal Opportunity, senior […]

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First systematic review and meta-analysis suggests AI may be as effective as health professionals at diagnosing disease

Artificial intelligence (AI) appears to detect diseases from medical imaging with similar levels of accuracy as health-care professionals, according to the first systematic review and meta-analysis, synthesising all the available evidence from the scientific literature published in The Lancet Digital Health journal. Nevertheless, only a few studies were of sufficient quality to be included in the analysis, and the authors […]

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Study may explain why immunotherapy not effective for some patients with metastatic melanoma and kidney cancer

White blood cells known as B cells have been shown to be effective for predicting which cancer patients will respond to immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) therapy, according to a study at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. Study results will be presented April 2 at the AACR Annual Meeting 2019 in Atlanta. The study, led by Jennifer Wargo, […]

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Reducing B cells with CAR T cells is effective treatment of experimental lupus

Depleting the number of harmful B cells with a novel immunotherapy that employs modified T cells may offer an effective strategy to treat lupus, according to a new study funded by the Lupus Research Alliance. These findings offer a renewed optimism for the elimination of B cells to provide a therapeutic option in lupus and pave the way for clinical […]

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Surgery for uncomplicated appendicitis in adults is effective and safe

Researchers found that more than 97 percent of the surgeries for appendicitis were laparoscopic, or minimally invasive, and most patients were discharged the same day or the next day. Only 3 percent of the procedures resulted in complications. Rates of unnecessary surgery—removing a “normal” appendix—were low (less than 4 percent), but were much higher in people without imaging studies before […]

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Effective self-control strategies involve much more than willpower, research shows

It’s mid-February, around the time that most people waver in their commitment to the resolutions they’ve made for the new year. Many of these resolutions—whether it’s to spend less time looking at screens, eat more vegetables, or save money for retirement—require us to forego a behavior we want to engage in for the one we think we should engage in. […]

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Exercising for just 15 minutes three times a week boosts health

You DO have time for the gym: Exercising for 15 minutes three times a week is just as effective as 45 minute workouts for overweight men Ten overweight men took part in high intensity interval training for six weeks Saw same 16% boost in insulin sensitivity as those who exercised for 45 minutes  Sensitivity is a marker of type 2 […]

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Maryland regulators: Is medical marijuana effective for treating opioid addiction? Answer: It’s complicated

As opioid overdose deaths continued to mount in Maryland last year, state lawmakers asked medical marijuana regulators to determine whether cannabis could be effective at treating addiction to heroin, fentanyl and oxycodone. The answer—not really—was submitted to the General Assembly this week by the Maryland Medical Cannabis Commission. “A comprehensive review of existing medical literature shows that there is no […]

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MRI effective for monitoring liver fat in obese patients

MRI provides a safe, noninvasive way to monitor liver fat levels in people who undergo weight loss treatments for obesity, according to a new study published in the journal Radiology. Obesity is a major U.S. public health issue, with more than two-thirds of American adults considered overweight or obese. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is common in obese patients. The condition […]

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