How early-life challenges affect how children focus, face the day

Adversity early in life tends to affect a child’s executive function skills—their ability to focus, for example, or organize tasks. Experiences such as poverty, residential instability, or parental divorce or substance abuse, also can lead to changes in a child’s brain chemistry, muting the effects of stress hormones. These hormones rise to help us face challenges, stress or to simply […]

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