Rheumatic fever: An entirely preventable disease that kills

Like her mother and grandfather, young soccer player Trishanne Miller, 15, has rheumatic heart disease. Credit:Wolter Peeters Trishanne Miller, 15, is a "germophobe". At the Sydney Royal Easter Show last week the promising young soccer player refused to drink from the bubblers. Hand rails were also off limits. She has reason to be wary. Trishanne is the third generation in […]

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Mutation behind incurable disease mapped

Researchers at Karolinska Institutet have mapped the genetic mutation behind the incurable disease systemic mastocytosis. The results give insights into the origin of the disease, and the researchers also discovered a protein with potential to improve disease diagnosis. The results are published in the journal EBioMedicine. Systemic mastocytosis is an incurable disease characterised by accumulation of mast cells, a type […]

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AI identifies risk of cholesterol-raising genetic disease, study finds

A new algorithm can determine whether a patient is likely to have a cholesterol-raising genetic disease that can cause early, and sometimes fatal, heart problems, reports a new study conducted by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine and their collaborators. The disease, known as familial hypercholesterolemia, is often misdiagnosed as garden-variety high cholesterol. “We think that less than […]

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Alzheimer’s disease could be treated by zapping patients’ brains

Alzheimer’s disease could be treated by zapping the brains of older people with electricity for just 25 minutes as study proves it can boost the memory of over-60s It takes only a weak electrical current to restore thinking powers, experts say The tiny pulses of electricity are thought to synchronise their brainwaves  Older people zapped performed as well as those […]

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Eyes reveal early Alzheimer’s disease

Reduced blood capillaries in the back of the eye may be a new, noninvasive way to diagnose early cognitive impairment, the precursor to Alzheimer’s disease in which individuals become forgetful, reports a newly published Northwestern Medicine study. Scientists detected these vascular changes in the human eye non-invasively, with an infrared camera and without the need for dyes or expensive MRI […]

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Micro-computed tomography provides new insights into Paget’s disease

A MedUni Vienna study group led by Peter Pietschmann from the Institute of Pathophysiologyand Allergy Research in cooperation with the University of Vienna and the Museum of Natural History Vienna has made a detailed analysis of the microarchitecture of bones affected by the bone metabolic disease known as Paget’s disease. High-resolution micro-computed tomography techniques offer insights into the course of […]

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Chronic kidney disease of undetermined causes described originally in Central America and Sri Lanka

Chronic kidney disease of undetermined causes (CKDu), initially reported among agricultural communities in Central America and Sri Lanka, is also present in India, particularly in Southern rural areas, and could be common in other tropical and subtropical rural settings. These are the main conclusions of a new study published in BMJ Open. CDKu is considered an epidemic in Central America […]

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Retinal prion disease study redefines role for brain cells

National Institutes of Health scientists studying the progression of inherited and infectious eye diseases that can cause blindness have found that microglia, a type of nervous system cell suspected to cause retinal damage, surprisingly had no damaging role during prion disease in mice. In contrast, the study findings indicated that microglia might delay disease progression. The discovery could apply to […]

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Study finds test of protein levels in the eye a potential predictor of (future) Alzheimer’s disease

Low levels of amyloid-β and tau proteins, biomarkers of Alzheimer’s disease (AD), in eye fluid were significantly associated with low cognitive scores, according to a new study published in the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease. Led by researchers at Boston Medical Center, the study is the first to connect these known AD protein biomarkers in the eye to mental status. These […]

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