Differences in replacement level fertility point to inequalities

The percentage of the world’s population that is above or below the “replacement level of fertility” has long been used as a measure of demographic development. A new study revisited how this metric is calculated and how useful it really is in terms of informing policy decisions. The term “replacement level fertility” is used to describe the total fertility rate […]

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Stem cell differences could explain why women are more likely to develop adrenal cancer

Scientists have discovered a potential biological reason why women are more likely to develop adrenal disorders, including cancer. According to the researchers, the answer could lie in the increased turnover of hormone-producing cells found in the adrenal glands of females. The adrenal gland is a hormone producing organ that sits on top of the kidneys. The outer part, or cortex, […]

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Researchers discover clues to brain differences between males and females

Researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine have discovered a mechanism for how androgens—male sex steroids—sculpt brain development. The research, conducted by Margaret M. McCarthy, Ph.D., who Chairs the Department of Pharmacology, could ultimately help researchers understand behavioral development differences between males and females. The research, published in Neuron, discovered a mechanism for how androgens, male sex steroids, […]

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Sex and gender differences in psychopathology

Cynthia Hartung’s recently published article recommends more consistently and systematically considering sex and gender in all aspects of psychopathology research. Hartung, an associate professor and director of the Psychology Clinic in the University of Wyoming’s Department of Psychology, co-wrote the article with Elizabeth Lefler, an associate professor of psychology at the University of Northern Iowa. The article was released recently […]

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