Maximising alertness and productivity on the nightshift

If you’re one of Australia’s 1.4 million shiftworkers, eating at irregular times is just par for the course — but have you ever stopped to think about the impact this might have on your body? In a new research study by the University of South Australia, researchers have investigated whether altering food intake during the nightshift could optimise how shiftworkers […]

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Obese people outnumber smokers two to one

New figures from Cancer Research UK show that people who are obese now outnumber people who smoke two to one in the UK*, and excess weight causes more cases of certain cancers than smoking, as the charity urges Government action to tackle obesity. Almost a third of UK adults are obese** and, while smoking is still the nation’s biggest preventable […]

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Skinny self-image, heavy workouts in adolescence are warning signs, study shows: 22 percent of young men, 5 percent of young women engage in ‘disordered eating’ to bulk up

Adolescents who see themselves as puny and who exercise to gain weight may be at risk of so-called muscularity-oriented disordered eating behaviors, say researchers led by UCSF Benioff Children’s Hospitals. The researchers found that 22 percent of males and 5 percent of females ages 18-to-24 exhibit these disordered eating behaviors, which are defined as including at least one of the […]

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Phenols in cocoa bean shells may reverse obesity-related problems in mouse cells

Scientists may have discovered more reasons to love chocolate. A new study by researchers at the University of Illinois suggests that three of the phenolic compounds in cocoa bean shells have powerful effects on the fat and immune cells in mice, potentially reversing the chronic inflammation and insulin resistance associated with obesity. Visiting scholar in food science Miguel Rebollo-Hernanz and […]

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Achieving sugar reduction targets could cut child obesity and healthcare costs: But these benefits could be lost if goals are not fully met, warn researchers

Reducing the sugar content of certain foods by 2020, in line with UK government policy targets, could cut child obesity and related illness, and save the NHS in England £286 million over 10 years, suggests a study published by The BMJ today. But these benefits could be easily lost if the targets are not fully met, or if the programme […]

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Structure of the molecular machine that links carbohydrate and lipid metabolism

A research team led by dr. Kenneth Verstraete in the Unit for Structural Biology at the VIB-UGent Center for Inflammation Research has unraveled the three-dimensional structure and molecular mechanism of ATP citrate lyase (ACLY). This is a central metabolic enzyme — a protein that accelerates chemical reactions — important for the production of fatty acids and cholesterol in the human […]

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Thirty years of fast food: Greater variety, but more salt, larger portions, and added calories

Despite the addition of some healthful menu items, fast food is even more unhealthy for you than it was 30 years ago. An analysis of the offerings at 10 of the most popular US fast-food restaurants in 1986, 1991, and 2016, published in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, demonstrates that fast-food entrees, sides, and desserts increased […]

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Micro-control of liver metabolism

Researchers at TIFR have discovered molecular anticipation of feeding in the liver that is essential to ensure that the body, after fasting, adapts to utilize incoming nutrients upon re-feeding. Their findings, published in the international journal Cell Reports, show that very small RNA molecules called microRNAs control major metabolic pathways by inhibiting synthesis of proteins, and thus contribute to maintenance […]

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Americans concerned about weight, but don’t understand link to heart conditions, health

A Cleveland Clinic survey finds that while most Americans (88 percent) understand that there is a connection between a healthy heart and a healthy weight, most aren’t doing enough — or anything — to combat their own weight issues. The survey found 74 percent are concerned about their weight and 65 percent are worried about getting heart disease due to […]

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Bad cholesterol: ‘Slim down’ fat-carrying particles to reduce its spread

The enzyme that ‘loads up’ fat-carrying particles in the liver before they are transported around the body has been identified for the first time by scientists at the University of Warwick. The discovery also reveals how to ‘slim down’ these particles to reduce the amount of the worst type of ‘bad’ cholesterol distributed throughout the body and could pave the […]

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