Diet impacts the sensitivity of gut microbiome to antibiotics, mouse study finds

Antibiotics save countless lives each year from harmful bacterial infections — but the community of beneficial bacteria that live in human intestines, known as the microbiome, frequently suffers collateral damage. Peter Belenky, an assistant professor of molecular microbiology and immunology at Brown University, studies ways to minimize this side effect, which can lead to C. diff infections and other life-threatening […]

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Genetic discovery linked to rare eye disease

John A. Moran Eye Center physician-researcher Paul S. Bernstein, MD, PhD, and his patients at the University of Utah played a key role in the recent discovery of the first genetic cause for a rare eye disease. Macular telangiectasia type 2 (MacTel) affects about one in 5,000 people, causing a gradual loss of central vision, typically after age 40. As […]

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Survey shows many primary care doctors are unprepared to help patients avoid diabetes

Which of these is not a risk factor for prediabetes? A) Overweight B) Age 45 or older C) Being white D) Exercise less than three times per week The correct response is C — the actual risk factor being African American, Latino, Native American or Asian American. If you didn’t get it right, don’t feel badly. Chances are your doctor […]

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Popular pain medication associated with greater risk of hypoglycemia: Tramadol, an opioid, is widely used to treat moderate or severe pain, but patients may be at risk of low blood sugar levels

Since its approval in 1995, the opioid tramadol (marketed as ConZip and Ultram) has become a widely prescribed remedy for osteoarthritis and other painful indications, in part because it presents a lesser risk for some side effects and has a lower abuse potential when compared to other opioids. It is currently ranked among the top five prescribed opioids and top […]

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What drives inflammation in type 2 diabetes? Not glucose, says new research

To date, the underlying causes of inflammation in obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have been poorly understood, which has hampered efforts to develop treatments to prevent complications from a disease that is the third leading cause of death in the United States. But new research at the University of Kentucky shows that changes to mitochondria — the powerhouse […]

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Type 2 diabetes and sleep problems in midlife women

Hormone changes are known to alter insulin sensitivity and glucose metabolism, as well as interfere with women’s sleep patterns. But little was known about the association between diabetes and sleep disturbances during the menopause transition until now, as a new study concludes that women with diabetes are at greater risk for sleep disturbances. Study results are published online today in […]

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High blood sugar levels and BMI linked to stillbirth in mothers with diabetes

High maternal blood sugar levels and BMI are risk factors for stillbirth in mothers with diabetes, according to a new study in Diabetologia (the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes), with babies at the lowest and highest weights being most at risk. Mothers with pre-pregnancy diabetes are at a four to five times increased risk of […]

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CDC assesses burden of eye disorders in adults with diabetes

(HealthDay)—Eye disorders frequently affect adults aged 45 years and older with diagnosed diabetes, and disorders are more common for those with diagnosed diabetes for 10 years or more, according to a July data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics. Amy E. Cha, Ph.D., M.P.H., from the National Center for Health […]

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Diabetes type 2: One major warning sign to watch out for – have you experienced this?

Diabetes type 2 is a serious condition where the insulin a person’s pancreas makes can’t work properly, or their pancreas can’t make enough insulin. This can cause blood sugar levels to rise unimpeded, overtime this can pose serious health risks such heart and disease and strokes. A lot of people don’t get any symptoms or they don’t notice them. It […]

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