Researchers develop noninvasive method to detect early-stage liver disease

A safer and more sensitive contrast dye for MRI tests developed by a team led by Georgia State University researchers may provide the first effective, noninvasive method for detecting and diagnosing early-stage liver diseases, including liver fibrosis. “It’s a revolutionary change for the field as the first robust detection of the early stage of liver fibrosis,” said Jenny Yang, a […]

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Researchers develop novel heart pump to help people with heart failure

Dr. David Adlam, associate professor and interventional cardiologist in the Department of Cardiovascular Sciences and Piyal Samara-Ratna, Mechanical Engineer in the Space Research Centre, have joined forces to combine medical and space research to develop a pump to help people with heart failure. The new left ventricular assist device (LVAD) is an artificial heart pump used as an interim support […]

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Scientists develop a physical biomarker for cornea restoration therapy

Our eyes—the windows to the soul—need constant care, and as we age, they sometimes also need significant repair. The panes of these windows—the corneas—are transparent tissues that have been the focus of some of the oldest and most common transplantation surgeries. Now thanks to researchers in Kyoto, some such transplants may become even safer. The team, led by Kyoto University […]

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Stem cell differences could explain why women are more likely to develop adrenal cancer

Scientists have discovered a potential biological reason why women are more likely to develop adrenal disorders, including cancer. According to the researchers, the answer could lie in the increased turnover of hormone-producing cells found in the adrenal glands of females. The adrenal gland is a hormone producing organ that sits on top of the kidneys. The outer part, or cortex, […]

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Babies who hear two languages at home develop advantages in attention

The advantages of growing up in a bilingual home can start as early as six months of age, according to new research led by York University’s Faculty of Health. In the study, infants who are exposed to more than one language show better attentional control than infants who are exposed to only one language. This means that exposure to bilingual […]

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Women with persistent hot flushes are more at risk of breast cancer

Women who suffer persistent hot flushes during the menopause are more likely to develop breast cancer Study of 25,000 post-menopausal women who did not have HRT Fluctuating oestrogen levels are thought to be behind hot flushes High oestrogen exposure has been linked to a greater risk of breast cancer   e-mail View comments Women who suffer persistent hot flushes during the menopause […]

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Children who experience violence early in life develop faster

A study in Biological Psychiatry has shown that exposure to violence early in life—such as physical, emotional, or sexual abuse—is associated with faster biological aging, including pubertal development and a cellular metric of biological aging called epigenetic age. In contrast, children exposed to forms of early life adversity involving deprivation—such as neglect and food insecurity—showed signs of delayed pubertal development […]

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