Cognitive decline may accelerate after heart attack, angina

Adults with incident coronary heart disease (CHD) are at higher risk for faster cognitive decline in the long-term, according to a study published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology. Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of death in men and women. CHD occurs when coronary arteries become damaged due to a build-up of fat […]

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When doctors and nurses can disclose and discuss errors, hospital mortality rates decline

The diffusion of a culture of openness in hospitals is associated with lower hospital mortality, according to a study conducted among 137 acute trusts in England by Veronica Toffolutti (Bocconi University and London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine) and David Stuckler (Bocconi University) published in Health Affairs. Hospital openness, defined as an environment in which staff freely speak up […]

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How education may stave off cognitive decline

Prefrontal brain regions linked to higher educational attainment are characterized by increased expression of genes involved in neurotransmission and immunity, finds a study of healthy older adults published in JNeurosci. The identified genes and molecular pathways could provide insight into factors that help keep the brain sharp in old age. In their study of 122 Spanish adults, David Bartrés-Faz (University […]

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The 2008 recession associated with greater decline in mortality in Europe

In recent decades, Europe has experienced a downward trend in the annual number of deaths. Not only was this trend not arrested by the economic recession that started in 2008, the rate of decline increased during the recession years. This acceleration is evidenced by the results of a study published in Nature Communications and led by the Barcelona Institute for […]

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Hearing Loss Linked to Subjective Cognitive Function Decline

FRIDAY, Feb. 1, 2019 — For older men, hearing loss is associated with subjective cognitive function (SCF) decline, according to a study published online Jan. 29 in Alzheimer’s & Dementia. Sharon G. Curhan, M.D., from Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School in Boston, and colleagues conducted a longitudinal study from 2008 to 2016 involving 10,107 men aged 62 […]

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Scientists shed light on processes behind age-related decline in brain structures important for memory

Ageing can cause damage to support cells in the white matter, which in turn may lead to damage in the grey matter of the hippocampus, finds a new study by Cardiff University. The discovery gives researchers a new area to focus on in the search for treatments that can protect cognitive function. Claudia Metzler-Baddeley, from Cardiff University’s Brain Imaging Research […]

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Study shows in older people, type 2 diabetes is associated with a decline in brain function over five years

New research published in Diabetologia (the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes [EASD]) shows that in older people living in the community, type 2 diabetes (T2D) is associated with a decline in verbal memory and fluency over 5 years. However, contrary to previous studies, the decrease in brain volume often found in older people with T2D […]

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Exercise Reverses Functional Decline in Hospitalized Elderly

TUESDAY, Dec. 4, 2018 — For very elderly patients undergoing acute-care hospitalization, an exercise intervention is associated with benefits in reversing functional decline associated with hospitalization, according to a study published online Nov. 12 in JAMA Internal Medicine. Nicholás Martínez-Velilla, M.D., Ph.D., from the Complejo Hospitalario de Navarra in Pamplona, Spain, and colleagues examined the effects of an innovative multicomponent […]

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