Researchers discover serotonin can regulate gene expression inside neurons

The brain chemical serotonin, a neurotransmitter long known for its role in passing signals between neurons in the brain, can also regulate expression of genes within neurons in an unexpected way, according to research conducted by neuroscientists at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and published on March 13 in the journal Nature. The discovery may help scientists […]

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Toughen up snowflake! Sports coaches can be emotionally abusive – here’s how to recognise it

Sports coaches have been in the headlines recently for all the wrong reasons. At the end of 2018, the University of Maryland investigated a football coach for intimidation, humiliation and verbal abuse. This followed a player dying of heat stroke after a training session on a 41℃ day. Earlier that year, UK swimmer Karen Leach revealed the long-term impact of […]

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Researchers discover how sleep can fight infection

Researchers in Germany have discovered why sleep can sometimes be the best medicine. Sleep improves the potential ability of some of the body’s immune cells to attach to their targets, according to a new study that will be published February 12 in the Journal of Experimental Medicine. The study, led by Stoyan Dimitrov and Luciana Besedovsky at the University of […]

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A diet rich in fiber and vegetables can relieve depression

Researchers have long suspected that a poor diet can lead to poor mental health. Although the underpinnings of mental health problems are complex, some scientists have suggested that “diet is as important to psychiatry as it is to cardiology, endocrinology, and gastroenterology.” But does the overall existing evidence support this claim? Dr. Joseph Firth, an Honorary Research fellow at the […]

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Healthy diet can ease symptoms of depression

An analysis of data from almost 46,000 people has found that weight loss, nutrient boosting and fat reduction diets can all reduce the symptoms of depression. Dr. Joseph Firth, an Honorary Research fellow at The University of Manchester and Research Fellow at NICM Health Research Institute at Western Sydney University, says existing research has been unable to definitively establish if […]

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Muscle stem cells can drive cancer that arises in Duchenne muscular dystrophy

People with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) can develop an otherwise-rare muscle cancer, called rhabdomyosarcoma, due to the muscle cells’ continuous work to rebuild the damaged tissue. However, little is known about how the cancer arises, hindering development of a treatment or test that could predict cancer risk. Now, scientists from Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP) have demonstrated that […]

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Thyroid Surgery Complications Can Land Some Back in the Hospital

TUESDAY, Jan. 8, 2019 — Surgery to remove all or part of the thyroid can trigger side effects that send some patients back to the hospital, a new study finds. These side effects include tingling in the fingers that can become tremors and spasms in all muscles of the body — including the heart and muscles surrounding the lungs. “The […]

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After naloxone, when can opioid overdose patients be safely discharged?

Naloxone has saved thousands of lives. But can patients be safely discharged from the Emergency Department (ED) just an hour after they receive the medication that curtails drug overdoses? According to the St. Paul’s Early Discharge Rule developed in 2000, that’s how long providers should observe patients after naloxone treatment, so long as their vital signs meet specific criteria and […]

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Eczema Can Be Itchy, Painful, and Embarrassing—and It Was Just Linked to Suicidal Thoughts

Eczema, also called atopic dermatitis, is an inflammatory skin disease that affects 18 million adults (and lots of children, as well) in the United States. Ask anyone who suffers from the itchy, chronic condition and they’ll tell you it can be unpleasant at best, and debilitating at worst. Now, research published in JAMA Dermatology highlights just how much of a […]

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