Study shows in older people, type 2 diabetes is associated with a decline in brain function over five years

New research published in Diabetologia (the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes [EASD]) shows that in older people living in the community, type 2 diabetes (T2D) is associated with a decline in verbal memory and fluency over 5 years. However, contrary to previous studies, the decrease in brain volume often found in older people with T2D […]

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Mapping the Brain’s Genetic Landscape

For the past two decades, scientists have been exploring the genetics of schizophrenia, autism and other brain disorders, looking for a path toward causation. If the biological roots of such ailments could be identified, treatments might follow, or at least tests that could reveal a person’s risk level. In the 1990s, researchers focused on genes that might possibly be responsible […]

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Brain activity shows development of visual sensitivity in autism

Research investigating how the brain responds to visual patterns in people with autism has shown that sensory responses change between childhood and adulthood. The differences observed between adult and young people mimicked those seen in a strain of fruit flies that had a genetic change associated with autism and other developmental conditions. This demonstrates that sensory issues in autism can […]

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Is Screen Time Bad for Kids’ Brains?

A generation ago, parents worried about the effects of TV; before that, it was radio. Now, the concern is “screen time,” a catchall term for the amount of time that children, especially preteens and teenagers, spend interacting with TVs, computers, smartphones, digital pads, and video games. This age group draws particular attention because screen immersion rises sharply during adolescence, and […]

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‘Christmas brain’ can give you long-term health problems, experts warn

Your brain is in overdrive and you are in a state of panic. You still haven’t found the perfect Christmas gift for your partner or finalised how many people are coming over for Christmas lunch. By this point, your blood pressure is increasing and brain is going haywire. ‘Tis the season to be stressed out.Credit:Shutterstock Experts are calling this “Christmas […]

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Scientists discover ‘brain hot spot’ for drugs against fear

Anxiety disorders are a major medical problem affecting a large population. They can be treated with a range of psychiatric drugs, including a group of substances called benzodiazepines (BZDs). BZDs have been used to treat patients with anxiety for 50 years and it is well-understood what they do on the molecular and cellular level. However, doctors and neuroscientists had much […]

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Brain responses to language in toddlers with autism linked to altered gene expression

An international team of scientists, led by researchers at the University of Cyprus and University of California San Diego School of Medicine, have identified a previously unknown, large-scale association between molecular gene expression activity in blood leukocyte cells and altered neural responses to speech in toddlers with autism as measured with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). The findings were published […]

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Brain, muscle cells found lurking in kidney organoids grown in lab

Scientists hoping to develop better treatments for kidney disease have turned their attention to growing clusters of kidney cells in the lab. One day, so-called organoids—grown from human stem cells—may help repair damaged kidneys in people or be used to test drugs developed to fight kidney disease. But new research from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis has […]

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