Surprise finding about HIV reservoir could lead to better therapies

Antiretroviral therapy (ART) can suppress HIV to the point where the virus is nearly undetectable, and people on medication can live many years. But therapy cannot completely eradicate the virus; it persists in reservoirs inside immune cells, a phenomenon called “latency.” This latent reservoir forms even when a person begins therapy very early after infection, but the dynamics of the […]

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Adolescents with high levels of physical activity perform better in school over two years

Adolescents with higher levels of physical activity performed better in school during transition from primary school to lower secondary school than their physically inactive peers, a new study from Finland shows. However, the researchers, from the University of Jyväskylä, found that increased physical activity did not necessarily result in improved academic performance. Previous cross-sectional studies have reported that physically more […]

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Children at risk of sexual exploitation need better support, report concludes

Children who are constantly moved around the social care system are more likely to be vulnerable to sexual exploitation, new research concludes. Dr. Sophie Hallett of Cardiff University led the study, which used case records to track a cohort of 205 children involved with social services in one Welsh local authority. These were the first young people in the UK […]

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Better human rights protections around the world for people with disabilities, but gaps remain

The first comprehensive human rights treaty of the 21st century, the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) stands as one of the most quickly ratified human rights treaties in history. Globally, according to the United Nations (UN), approximately four billion people are affected by disability policy—including one billion persons with disabilities, one billion who are aging and […]

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I Became a Better Dad When I Stopped Worrying About Being 'Manly'

The first warning sign was when one of my six-year-old son’s friends compared me to Captain von Trapp. He was watching The Sound of Music with his parents one evening and Christopher Plummer appeared on the screen for the first time as “the Captain,” glaring at his happy children, blowing that stupid whistle, and looking generally like a miserable brute. […]

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Researchers create a better way to transport life-saving vaccines

Researchers at McMaster University have invented a stable, affordable way to store fragile vaccines for weeks at a time at temperatures up to 40C, opening the way for life-saving anti-viral vaccines to reach remote and impoverished regions of the world. The new method combines the active ingredients in existing vaccines with a sugary gel, where they remain viable for eight […]

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Why comic-style information is better at preparing patients for cardiac catheterization

Before undergoing surgery, patients must be fully informed about what the procedure entails. The complex nature of the information involved means that patients often feel overwhelmed rather than well informed. Researchers from Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin have shown that patients scheduled to undergo cardiac catheterization may find comic-style information helpful. The researchers’ comic-style booklet was shown to enhance patient comprehension […]

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Sunscreen use could lead to better blood vessel health

A new study suggests that sunscreen protects the skin’s blood vessel function from harmful ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposure by protecting dilation of the blood vessels. Perspiration on the skin may also provide protection to the skin’s blood vessels from sun damage. The findings will be presented today at the American Physiological Society’s (APS) annual meeting at Experimental Biology 2019 in […]

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