Researchers call for the term ‘high functioning autism’ to be consigned to history

Autism researchers from the Telethon Kids Institute have called for the term “high functioning autism” to be abandoned because of the misleading and potentially harmful expectations it creates around the abilities of children on the autism spectrum. In research published in the journal Autism, a team led by Gail Alvares, from Telethon Kids and The University of Western Australia, notes […]

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Urban wildlife may be a significant vector for anti-microbial resistant germs

In the cities of developing nations, where unregulated antibiotic use is common and livestock jostle with people amid often unsanitary conditions, scientists have found a potentially troubling vector for the dissemination of anti-microbial resistant (AMR) bacteria—wildlife. In a paper published today in The Lancet Planetary Health, scientists from the International Livestock Research Institute and the University of Liverpool show that […]

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I Believe Summer Camps Should Be Single-Sex

My daughter went to sleepaway camp for six summers. The first year, she was somewhat homesick, but over time, camp became her happy place — away from homework, tests and the frenzied schedule of school-year activities. At camp, she felt carefree. She acted goofy, dressed in costumes and sang songs unapologetically off-key, all without fear of judgement or concern about […]

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Childhood respiratory disorders may be diagnosed with a smartphone

Automated cough analysis technology incorporated in a smartphone app could help to diagnose childhood respiratory disorders, according to a study published in the open access journal Respiratory Research. Researchers at Curtin University and The University of Queensland, Australia, showed that a smartphone app had high accuracy (between 81% and 97%) in diagnosing asthma, croup, pneumonia, lower respiratory tract disease and […]

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Could boosting the gut microbiome be the secret to healthier older age?

Faecal transplants from young to aged mice can stimulate the gut microbiome and revive the gut immune system, a study by immunologists at the Babraham Institute, Cambridge, has shown. The research is published in the journal Nature Communications today. The gut is one of the organs that is most severely affected by ageing and age-dependent changes to the human gut […]

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Overwhelmed At Work? You May Be Experiencing This Condition

Have you ever felt like you just couldn’t bear to go to the office one more day? Or that your workload is beyond insurmountable? If you’re saying “yes” and “yes,” there’s a chance that you may have experience burnout — and most Americans have. It is a state of mental, emotional and physical exhaustion which occurs when we feel overworked, overwhelmed […]

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This Woman Went to the Dentist With a Bump in Her Mouth—It Turned Out to Be a Rare Cancer

American tennis star Nicole Gibbs announced earlier this week that she had pulled out of the French Open to undergo surgery for salivary gland cancer. The 26-year-old said her diagnosis came after her dentist asked her about a growth on the roof of her mouth during a routine appointment last month.  Gibbs, currently ranked number 117 globally by the Women's Tennis Association, shared on Twitter that she's scheduled to […]

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Researchers find screenings for social determinants of health need to be tailored to clinics

Study of community health centers in Boston finds great deal of variation in practice, as well as in provider and staff opinions about what helps or hinders the process. An estimated 70 percent of the variation in healthcare outcomes is attributable to social determinants——but it is only in recent years that healthcare settings have begun formally looking at these factors […]

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Detailed brain map uncovers hidden immune cells that may be involved in neurodegenerative disorders

Brains contain a variety of immune cells that play an important role for brain function. A team led by Prof. Kiavash Movahedi (VIB Center for Inflammation Research at VUB) has developed a comprehensive cell atlas of the brain’s immune compartment. This revealed not only the striking diversity of brain macrophages, but also uncovered microglia where they were not expected. Remarkably, […]

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Study shows that artificial neural networks can be used to drive brain activity

MIT neuroscientists have performed the most rigorous testing yet of computational models that mimic the brain’s visual cortex. Using their current best model of the brain’s visual neural network, the researchers designed a new way to precisely control individual neurons and populations of neurons in the middle of that network. In an animal study, the team then showed that the […]

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